(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Impact"

}/ yp^^ooK 



■ 



special Editi 





Blacks are 
disappearing 
in higher 
education 



ooksection 



* £ettvi fruMt t&e &c(it&i> 



To the Eckerd Community, 

The past year gave birth to a new Idea. The purpose In Implementing this idea was vast in Its 
potential. This new Idea became I MPACT . 

I MPACT was to offer many things to Eckerd in many different ways. The newsmagazine wou I o 
eventually become a monthly vehicle for high quality magazine journalism. Within that context, it 
would publish in-depth reporting on Issues ranging from that of controversial world news to envi- 
ronmental concerns to campus politics. It would also give another opportunity to publish student- 
based fiction, art and professional-qual Ity color and B & to photographs. It would compl iment the 
potential of a weekly newspaper and courageously seek the truth professional ly to things the students 
wanted to know. 

But, It would do so much more. 

I MPACT would be used as a too I for the Admissions Department to pul I In prospective students 
Interestec in a communications career. I MPACT would teach students many things about the vastness of 
magazine production Including writing, photography, graphic and layout design, actual printing process 
and much, much more. I MPACT would teach things that Eckerd could never offer. It would teach things 
that most do not learn until we I I Into a communications career. 

And for the school, I MPACT would soon win design, photography, and maybe even writing awards that 
have never been won here. In a short time, I MPACT would become the most positive program coming out 
of the ECOS organization, touching far more students than any other program is touching now. 

But, as it was born this year, so did It die. 

With great remorse I report that this Is the last Issue of I MPACT and therefore a I I that poten- 
tial Is lost. I do not foresee any other program now that carries the same promises that I MPACT did. 

There are two reasons why I MPACT was burled after only three Issues: 

(1) In looking back at the original proposal, even today, I say it was bri I I lant and there is nothing 
that I would change. However, there was one flaw, and that is the first reason why I MPACT is folding. 
That one flaw In the proposal was me. I dreamed up the Idea, therefore I felt I could pul I it off. I 
had the necessary experience, and perhaps even the talent, but what I felt most importantly, the 
deslretosee It happen. Unfortunately, I did not realize at the time that I sorely I acked the 
discipl ine to make my dream a real Ity. I had al I this enthusiasm and al I those ideas, but I sti II hac 
so much to learn about drawing it al I together and channel ing it in one direction. Remember, this was 
one he I I of a project that no one else would have been fool ish enough to attempt. So, as most are 
cal I ing It, I fai led to come through with my promises and all I did was produce three issues, none of 
them on time. But, I also did something that Isn't being noticed. I taught a lot of things tc 
people, I brought a I ot of people into the medias, and lastly, I made some people believe in what they 
can do. So, I feel poorly tor "over promising," but I regret nothing else. 

(2) There Is another reason why IMPACT Is no more. This reason is something I would never have 
expected from Eckerd, and now my v lew of Eckerd will never be the same. I cou I d have gone on next 
year and made my proposal for 1 MPACT a reality because I've learned so much through my mistakes, thai 

I will never repeat. I a I so wou Idbewilllngto make the same sacr if ices that I d id this year, much 
to the disapproval and dismay of my professors, because I really believed that I MPACT was worth it. 
But, for some who are making the final decisions about the medias and the student budgets, dreams 
aren't worth fighting and trying for. I never thought I would have said that there are so many young 
people who are so much more Interested in seeing a product, in a material sense, than seeing a drear 
come true. I never thought I would have seen so many young people with such short vision. But, I 
guess It's true, and I find it sad. What baffles me is that there is no reason why we can't take this 
opportunity while we have the chance tc chase every crazy dream we can, no matter what the monetary 

loss wl I I be. Never again will we see a time, I ike now in col lege, when we won't have to concern 
ourse I ves w ith real prob I ems I ike how to pay bills, or sick ch i I dren, or dying chi I dren. Our student 
money doesn't go to strong investments in the future. Our student money goes to one-day concerts, or 

programs enjoyed by the few for the moment. We are supposed to feel free enough now, for probably the 

last time, to take giant risks because we're stl I I learning. We don't have to expect to b ■> financial 
wizards, or perfect In any way. We should only expect to be open to making the mistakes necessary tc 

learn how to grow a I Ittle closer to perfection. 

Am I bitter? Unfortunately yes. Never for one moment did I put any time Into IMPACT for my owr, 
sel f-gratlf 1 cat I on or fulfil I ment. I on I y ever did any of it because I wanted to return back tc 
Eckerd a I Ittle of what It had given me. Now, I'm practical ly banned from working on next year's 
newspaper because I'm an Irresponsible risk. Gosh, I'm sorry. I'll have to work on that. 

Wei I, I'll be honest. I regret nothing. I did good, not perfect, but good work, and at least I 
tried. 

I don't want to end this letter completely sour for there are many who stl I I share the same drear 
I have, and the courage to have wanted to see one more chance. To mention them a I I would be fool Ish 
for they know who they are. Some are on the Finance Committee, and a very few are In LC. But, with 
them, my dear friends and my very special staff made al I three Issues happen. So, In closing, with 
love and good-bye, I thank Cheryl Burke, Dale McConkey, Andy Haines, Wayne Harwell, Chris Roby, Toe 
Llnafelt, Alan Rosenzwelg, Margie Mayer, Dawn Smith, Melissa MacKinnon, Dan Cameron, Val Cerny, Sue 
Johannes, Trlsh Cole and Heather Schwab and many too many more. 

S Incerely, 

Mary Zimnlk, Editor and Designer 




Eckerd college's Community Newsmagazine 



Features 



5 Letters^x^appa/tes revolt 

<=) Campus Pol itics/a new Constitution? 

x 0{ Scientific Awareness ( /tfie endangered mangroves 

x b marine mammal standings 

^ World Issues \S\enor\sm and the media 

>° Apartheid and its history 

>> Blacks in Higher Education >/ are they losing ground 



Mag/Yearbook Section 



y) Men of Eckerd/yes, they are beautiful 
^ Senior Section /and more!! 1 



Mary Zimnik, Editor 



(41*4**— 




THE SCENARIO: Eckerd Col lege, some Autumn Term. 
A wealthy, male freshman arrives on campus and is 
greeted at registration by upperc I assmen, staff, 
faculty, and whatever. He's made to feel very 
welcome, very happy, despite the fact that he's so 
far away from home. He settles into his dorm room 
and attends his first col lege class. He's very ex- 
clted. He I ikes his classmates and his mentor. He 
breezes through his class. "Boy, Is this easy," he 
thinks. There is a let of discussion. Usual ly one 
can bul Ishlt through It even if the reading isn't 
done. But, then the professor asks the freshman to 
write an essay on the class subject thusfar. The 
freshman turns in his paper and receives It back the 
next day — F. He's given the chance to try again — 
F. He gets a D for his final grade in Autumn Term. 
He was superior in class discussion. 

So, what's this guy's problem? 

Is he lazy? Is he spoiled? Is he stupid? 

No, this guy has a special problem. But, no one 
takes notice. 

He barely makes it through his freshman and 
sophomore years with an equal share of D's and F's. 

He's superior in discussion. 

Then In the second semester his junior year, the 
whip is cracked and one more F means you're out. 

So, he's out. 

This freshman, so happy, so welcome rode through 
almost three years of col lege. But, now he's gone — 
soon to be forgotten by Eckerd. 

Still no one notices his problem. 

So, what is his problem? 

This young man is dyslectic . (Dyslexia Is an 
Inborn condition that limits ability to process re- 
ceived information into language. More common I y a 
dyslectic is known to reverse letters and numbers and 
even leave out whole phrases. A dyslectic may under- 
stand someth Ing by ear, but may not be able to com- 
prehend through reading or copy the same through 
writing. Dyslexia isn't rare. It effects 10 - 12 % 
of the U.S. popu I at Ion.) 

This young man is dyslectic and he just spent 
(excuse me, his parents just spent, with cash) almost 
three years facing one failure after another. 

Now his parents are angry because he failed. 

So, why did he ever try col lege? What could he 
possibly have hoped to gain? Surely dyslexia Is 
something that handicaps someone to such an extent 
that they would never survive In col lege. After al I, 
dyslexia Is not curable. 

Actually, he's except lona I I v Intelligent. But, 
his Intel I igence is trapped Inside his mind as If it 
were bound in a cage. What is trapping his mind Is 
something out of his control. Now, al I he's left 
with is an incredibl.e frustration and Insecurity 
about his own abilities. 



So, there you have it. The perfect reason why 
this young man should not attend a col lege. Why, It 
will eventual ly either drive him out through failure 
or dr i ve him crazy. 

You see, col lege isn't a place for anyone whose 
not norma I. If you have a learning dlsabll ity, you 
don't belong in college. 

WRONG! ! I 

There's no reason why Eckerd cannot help the 
many people with learning disabilities that walk 
through its doors, even if its just directing to a 
nearby dyslectic institute. 

There's no excuse for a sma I I Institution to 
permit such neg I Igence. That young male went through 
he I I because his mind was trapped by his learning 
d I sab II ity and all he cou I d accomp I ish was fa i I ure. 

And now he can't come back because the system 
makes no room for fai I ures, deserv ing or not. He's 
been driven out of that system because he could not 
operate in It under "normal" standards. 

But, not only was the system destined to run 
against him, his own lack of confidence In his 
ab i I ities and the constant frustration he's under 
would bury him and eventually he would give up. 

So, if a dyslectic finds his way to a col lege he 
has two choices. One, he will eventually fail out 
or, two, he will give up. 

Is this to be permitted to continue when the 
answer to the problem is so simple? 

Yes, simple. 

Here's a possible solution: 

First, screen freshmen and transfers coming in. 
A severe case of dyslexia cannot be Impossible to 
detect if the student knows that the col lege Is 
trying to help. 

Second, educate the faculty about how to deal 
with dyslectlcs. Dyslexia, in any of its many forms 
is not curable. However, Information can be dr i I led 
into memory. If nothing else, the faculty cou Id be 
made aware of how to detect the suspicion of dyslexia 
then at least direct the student to an institute in 
the area (Tampa) that is special ly equipped to deal 
w ith th is disease. 

There are many famous, bright, and ambitious 
dyslectics in our history: Agatha Christie, Thomas 
Edison, Woodrow Wilson, and many more. 

Do we have the right, as an institution of 
learning to throw away a mind starving to learn? 




lettenb... 



Dear Editor, 

An Increse In the number of 
cases of academic dishonesty on 
campus has come to the attention 
of the students and professors. 
There are several possible 
explanations for this problem; the 
most I Ikely being that offenders 
do not feel that academic 
dishonesty Is a serious offense. 
It also appears that some students 
who witness fel low students 
cheating and "getting away with 
It" feel thay too are entitled to 
the easy grade. 

Fortunately, this attitude Is 
not shared by the campus 
population at large. Both students 
and faculty are disturbed by 
academic dishonesty. The argument 
that offenders are cheating 
themselves out of a distinctive 
education does not appear to deter 
the offenders. Something they 
might want to think about, 
however. Is the prospect of losing 
the respect of their peers and 
professors. Not on I y are students 
more willing to turn In their 
classmates for dishonesty, and 
rightful ly so, but they are 
becoming Increasing "turned off" 
by this type of behavior. This was 
evident In the writing of the 
"Shared Commitment". For the 
students Involved In designing 



this honor code for the Eckerd 
community, academic honesty was 
one of the Issues stressed. These 
students felt that the Importance 
of honesty In the classroom could 
not be minimized. Therefore, we 
too shou Id be w I I H ng to ab I de In 
order to maintain the feel Ing that 
Eckerd Is "A Col lege of Distinc- 
tion" made up of students of dis- 
tinguished character. 

Marlon Meyer 



Dear Sir/Madam: 

The Foreign and Domestic Teach- 
ers Organization needs teacher 
appl icants In al I fields from 
Kindergarten through Col lege to 
fill over six hundred teaching 
vacancies both at home and abroad. 

Since 1968, our organization 
has been finding vacancies and 
locating teachers both In foreign 
countries and In al I fifty states. 
We possess hundreds of current 
openings and have al I the informa- 
tion as to scholarships, grants, 
and fel I owshlps. 

The principle problem with 
first year teachers Is WHERE IQ 
FIND THE JQBS1 

Since col lege newspapers are 
always anxious to find positions 
for their graduating teachers, 



your paper may be Interested In 
your teachers finding employment 
for the fol lowing year, and print 
our request for teachers. 

Our Information is free and 
comes at an opportune time when 
there are more teachers than 
teaching positions. 

Should you wish additional In- 
formation about our organization, 
you may write The National Teach- 
er's Placement Agency, Universal 
Teachers, Box 5231, Portland, 
Oregon 97208. 

We do not promise every grad- 
uate In the field of education a 
definite position, however, we do 
promise to provide them with a 
wide range of hundreds of current 
vacancy notices both at home and 
abroad. 

S incerel y, 

John P. McAndrew, President 
Foreign and Domestic Teachers 



To the Editor and/or staff of the 
£cJi Scream Mental , 

There ore a few things I would 
I ike to remark to you concerning 
the recent debut of your newslet- 
ter, of which you have apparently 
made careful selection as to who 



iiitiii^is^^ 



receives It. Because you hove yet 
to make your Identities public, 
this Is the best way I see to 
communicate to you, for I have 
tried to contact you In other 
ways. 

I must say that seeing your 
newsletter at first left me with 
mixed emotions. (To the best of 
my knowledge, you have circulated 
four Issues, at the time of this 
publication going to print) I 
can't begin to tel I you how much I 
appreciate the emotion and 
committment behind the heart of an 
'underground.' It takes guts to 
try to do what you've done. A lot 
of people will expend a I ot of 
wasted energy complaining about 
Just anything In I Ife and yet wl I I 
not I tft a finger to try to make 
change. Even If It's something 
radical, and on the outskirts of 
the mainstream, such as an 
'underground,' It's Impact Is 
strong. 

My only real complaint Is In 
reference to your very first 
edition of £cJs Scream Mental . I 
had a I ot of problems with the 
vulgarity and basic negativity 
Involved with Its copy. Attacks 
were made In directions that 
shouldn't have been made. After 
read Ing that f Irst ed It Ion, I was 
pretty much turned-off to anybody 
who would write such things yet 
not have the guts to attach a 
by I Ine to It. 

However, upon reading the three 
Issues afterwards, I saw a 
deflnate difference In the 
author/authors of the copy and saw 
It as a much more mature and 
Justifiable publication. And 
since It did relfect maturity and 
responslbl I tly, I felt It better 
deserved the label of the 
'underground,' therefore able to 
go Justifiably without any by I Ines 
attached. 

I must admit that If It weren't 
for the tremendously positive 
response to my propose I for I MPACT 
last year, I myself would have 
attempted to construct an 
'underground. ' 

I firmly believe In the 
necessity of radical I Iterature to 
offset and expose authority when 
It gets too big for the I Ittle guy 
to control. I strongly encourage 
the contlnuence of a responsible, 
and upward, £cji Scream Mental . 

Sincerely, 

Mary Zlmnlk 

Editor and Designer of I MPACT 

EDITOR'S NOTE: Within the context 

of some of the f o I lowing letters 



Is a I Ike reaction to the to the 
first Instal Iment of the regular 
Coap I ex f_ac_e_s. column by Barbara 
Ray. Note that most of the I et- 
ters are by Kappaltes themselves, 
and for that reason, I'm vary 
pleased to pub I Ish what they see 
as the "truth." Thank-you all 
very much for whatever comments 
that I've received In response to 
that column. My I please odd, 
however that Barbara's column Is 
Intended to be exactly what It Is 
and I stand behind her style com- 
p I ete I y. She d I sp I ays the bo I d- 
ness and brashness to honestly 
write how she sees reality, no 
matter how hard to take. 



February 13, 1986 

Dear Mary, 

The first Issue of IMPACT looks 
very good. Thanks for your 
perseverance, and congratulations. 

The photography Is uniformly 
good and captures a great deal 
that Is Important and unique about 
Eckerd I Ife. The majority of the 
articles show excel lent craftman- 
shlp and choice of subject matter, 
particularly Robin Dunn's article 
on Coach Leonard and Heather 
Hanson's and Brian Mahoney's 
articles on campus life. 

There are a few articles, how- 
ever, which could have used a bit 
more editorial criticism. The 
first of those Is Barbara Ray's 
article on Kappa. I'm sure you've 
received a great deal of flack on 
this article and probably will 
continue to do so for a myriad of 
reasons. Here are mine: If meant 
as satire, the article falls com- 
pletely, satire Is an entirely 
different genre; If meant as re- 
porting, the article Is Inaccurate 
and redundant, as Stacey Bonner's 
article on campus drinking covers 
much the same ground. Satire Is 
exemplified by "trenchant wit. 
Irony or sarcasm", none of which 
Ms. Ray seems to have mastered. 
Her article sounds to me like 
bitter v I nd let I veness toward a 
complex where she did not enjoy 
living. I disagree with the whole 
concept of bringing out the un- 
desirable side of Eckerd housing, 
particularly In such a heavy 
handed, unamuslng way. 

The second article to which I 
took exception was Lee McArthur's 
on Honduras. The content Is Inter- 



cutd mone iette%< 



estlng and I apprecllate the need 
of bringing situations I Ike the 
one In Honduras to the attention 
of Eckerd students. Ms. McArthur's 
prose style, unfortunately, reads 
more like a Nancy Drew novel than 
that of the "Journal Ism student" 
she ca I I s herself. (Try re-reading 
the first paragraph In this light, 
I'm sure you 1 1 I see what I mean.) 
Sentences such as those beginning 
with "They are copiers In 
that...", "There do exist certain 
neighborhoods..." and "Although 
many of the scenes I was able to 
see..." show easily rectlflable 
sentence structure. 

The I est article I had problems 
with was yours on Andy. While I 
appreciate your efforts to present 
another side of the story, the 
article Is baslcal ly an editorial, 
not Journalism. I, too, sympathize 
with Andy to a great degree, but 
If Indeed he was a "human sacri- 
fice" he put himself In that posi- 
tion. I suppose while I am at It I 
wl I I make a few nit-picking sug- 
gestions about word choice In this 
article. When you mention Andy's 
and Kate's campaigns for E.C.O.S., 
they were running for President 
and Finance Director respectively, 
not respectful I y. (Perhaps they 
were respectful In their cam- 
paigns, but I don't bel leve that 
was the point you were making.) 
Later when you say "Haines Is now 
I av I sh Ing I n..." lavishing Is not 
a verb. Possibly you meant luxur- 
iating In, glorying In, wallowing 
In, enjoying or relishing. 

I guess what this comes down to 
Is an offer to edit for you before 
publication rather than after 
I MPACT Is printed. Please excuse 
me If I sound rude or presumpt- 
uous, I real ly care about the 
qual Ity of print media on campus. 
I think IMPACT I s a f I ne p lece of 
work and would I Ike to see It 
reach great heights of qual Ity and 
respos lb I I Ity. Thanks for your 
patience In reading this and let 
me know If I can assist you In any 
way. 

S incerel y, 

Lor I Hauser Whlteker 



To the editor of I MPACT magazine: 

As a Kappa R.A. and a resident 
of Kappa for two years, I was a 
bit upset, If not hurt, by Barbara 
Ray's article In IMPACT , (Volume 
1, Issue 1) "Complex faces. Vic- 
tim: Kappa Complex." Victim, 
yes, was the appropriate subtitle 



for this article but I think Kappa 
Complex has been victimized one 
too many times and portrayal of 
the Kappa "Wasteland" has been 
quite biased and unfair. Kappa Is 
a unique complex, but unique In 
many ways that for some reason the 
author of this article failed to 
mention. Let me portray some of 
the ways In which Kappa Is so 
unique and why us "Kappaltes" are 
proud of our complex. 

-Kappa hosts some of the 
finest students on this campus. 
If one chose to compare overal I 
GPA's of all the complexes on 
campus, I'm sure that Kappa's 
would be among the highest for the 
last several years. I know my own 
dorm alone hosts four sophomore 
honor students. Simple pleasures, 
simp I e minds? 

-Kappa Is unique because our 
dorm damage Is substantial ly lower 
than that of "Inner city" dorms. 

-Kappa Is unique because In 
It I Ive Individuals who feel free 
to express themselves In ways 
which they feel comfortable and 
are open minded to the expressions 
of others. I'm not saying that 
other complexes to not have this 
Individuality. It Is Just that 
Kappa's has been taken advantage 
of. 

Your article on Kappa Is just 
the type of overly reinforced 
stereotype that has actual ly 
scared people from coming out here 
(I find that thought to be quite 
humorous) and has Initiated Kappa 
as THE drug complex on campus. 
Personal I y, I bel leve Kappa has 
not more drugs and perhaps less 
than any of the other complexes on 
campus. I am not saying Kappa 
does not party. Yes, we definite- 
ly know how to party, but I be- 
I leve It Is not the destructive 
type of partying that seems to 
occur e I sewhere. Kappa has an 
extremely friendly atmosphere end 
we, as a Kappa family, are proud 
of the fact that we I Ive here. I 
have great respect for IMPACT and 
find It to be a great contribution 
for our community. I only wish 
the same respect could be given In 
return to Kappa complex and our 
stereotype cou I d overcome. 

Becky Nelson, 
Lelghton House RA 



Mary, 

First off -- IM PACT was 
greatl Plain and simple — great. 
Now on to another simple point: 
the minds and pleasures of those 
who reside In the ever controver- 



sial Kappa Complex. What the 
heck? (Please notice the utter- 
ance of AWE and DISGUST without 
the expression "Oh fuck.") As far 
as I'm concerned. Kappa has been 
unfairly "victimized" and stereo- 
typed for no valid reason. 

Since "Auntie Barb" was given 
the prlvl ledge to "victimize" 
Kappa, I believe It Is also my 
prlvl I edge to produce an attempt 
at defense, so here I go: 

"Insane asylum?" Often on 
weekends! Why not? I happened to 
personal ly notice a number of sane 
and sober people around last night 
after I returned to the "Country 
Club" from the library at IIjOO 
PM. Yes, I know where the I Ibrary 
Is — proving my brain Is not cojt 
p I eta I y "dead." I a I so knew when 
to leave the I Ibrary by reading my 
watch. If you wish, I could name 
a few more Kappaltes who "learned 
to read a c I ock." 

I could continue to be sai — 
castle and nit-pick the rest of 
the article (tempting!), but why 
disclaim absurdities with absurdi- 
ties? Yes, It was very absurd to 
claim that residents of Kappa have 
"simple pleasures, simple minds!" 
I would explain the minds of those 
residing In Kappa as we I I -rounded, 
Interesting and open; by no means 
simple. Sure we have our par- 
tiers! Doesn't every complex? 
Kappa also has what some people 
would stereotype as "Jocks," 
"geeks," "weirdos," "goody two- 
shoes" and "brains." This Is the 
prob I em—stereotyp I ng. 

Psychology often warns us of 
the problems of stereotyping. One 
problem Is misjudging people be- 
cause they've been stereotyped. I 
bel leve Kappa has been misjudged 
Tor too long. I'm not denying the 
article was correct with facts — It 
Just didn't give enough of them 
for anyone to properly understand 
Kappa. I know I could personal I v 
write pages and pages irying to 
describe or Interpret Kappaltes 
and stl I I end up short. 

Let Kappa be known for It's 
parties. Hasn't everyone had a 
good time here at least once? 
But, please let Kappa be known for 
It's diversity, not simplicity. 
Individuality Is the heart of 
Kappa. People are different here 
and we're proud to admit Itl 
Don't criticize us because we 
often disagree with "norms." 
Whoever said "norms" were correct? 
We certainly dldn'tl JJlLS Is the 
world of a true Kappa Ite. 

Scott Rlvlnlus 

Proud Kappa Ite 



February 13,1986 

Dear Editor, 

My letter Is two-fold. The 
first part Is In praise of I MPACT . 
The magazine Is done In a very 
highly professional manner. It has 
the look and quel Ity of TIME or 
LIFE. Layouts, writing and ad- 
vertisements are al I done with a 
very sensitive eye and a touch of 
creativity. Also, the writing, on 
the whole. Is we I I done. I must 
a I so credit IMPACT with stirring 
up conversation on campus, at a 
time when the only talk about 
printed medium Is, " When Is the 
next Long John coming out? " My 
praise goes out to Mary and her 
staff for coming through. 

But, as I stated, my letter Is 
of two folds. The second aspect Is 
to address the article on Complex 
Issues-Kappa. Why? I think that Is 
the easiest and most direct ques- 
tion to ask. Why? Why was this 
article even considered for publ I- 
catlon? My Intent Is to question 
what purpose this article could 
posslb I e have? 

I'm not going to get on a soap 
box 8nd defend Kappa Complex, the 
people who I Ive here or those who 
have friends here, know what It Is 
I Ike. What I want to write against 
Is a problem we have at Eckerd and 
might always have- stereotyping. 
Why must we attempt to group and 
classify human beings? We at 
Eckerd are very proud of our tra- 
dition to let I Ive and let I Ive 
(what's I MPACT'S first editorial 
reflected on). This Is not to say 
we shouldn't speak out against 
people who Infringe on your 
rights, but must we constantly 
classify a whole group of people 
because of a few people's actions? 

The article InlMEACIls by far 
not the first to use stereo- 
typing. It Is a very common tool 
for humor by many people. But, Is 
It the purpose of our student's 
school publ Icatlon to encourage 
this type of behavior, let alone 
use It as one of Its own means? I 
wou I d have hoped not. 

Respectfully yours, 

Alan Rosenzwelg 
Scott House - 3 years 
Kappa Complex 




A Positive Point 
About Breast Cancer. 

Now we can see it before 
vou can feel it. When it's no 
bigger than the dot on this 
page. 

And when it s 909c cur- 
able. With the best chance 
of saving the breast. 

The trick is catching it 
early. And that's exactly 
what a mammogram can do. 

A mammogram is a sim- 
ple x-ray thats simply the 
best news yet for detecting 
breast cancer. And saving 
lives. 

If you're over 35, ask 
your doctor about 
mammography. 

Give yourself the 
chance of a lifetime." 



AMERICAN 
<> CANCER 
? SOCIETY' 



LC evaluates constitutional revisions 



Thom Altman, Political Writer 



The Eckerd Col lege Organization 
of Students (ECOS), as we know It, 
was formed back In the school year 
1980-81. ECOS was almost $20,000 
in debt. So, the Student Admini- 
stration, at that time, felt it 
was necessary to restructure the 
budget by producing a new Consti- 
tution In order to reduce the 
deficit. 

Their new Constitution also 
el iir.inated two officers from the 
Execut i ve Counc i I : the D I rector 
of External Affairs and the Human 
Resource Director. 

Though this Constitution served 
its purpose in reducing the defi- 
cit, lately there have been com- 
plaints concerning the wording of 
many of the articles. 

According to past-president 
Andy Haines and current ECOS vice- 
president (and president-elect for 
next year's ECOS) Wayne Harwel I, 
the sections deal Ing with the role 
of the Executive Council, the role 
of the Dean of Students and the 
veto power of the president are 
not c I ear. 

Chris Roby, also a newly- 
elected ECOS officer for next 
year, agrees, and is working on a 
newer, more comprehensive version 
of our Constitution. 

The major problem with the 
current Constitution seems to be 
the document itself. The Impre- 
cise wording of many of the 
articles and long lists of bylaws 
make it difficult to interpret. 

Though the re-wording of state- 
ments In the Constitution is the 
main thrust of this group of 
leaders, there are also changes In 
the structure of ECOS which wl I I 
be submitted to the Legislative 
Council for ratification. 

The proposed changes Include: 

* a change In the date of 
el ect Ions 

* spec i f Icat I on of 

the role of the Finance 
Dlrectorand Finance 
D I rector-e I ect concern I ng 
Dudget proposa Is 



* the addition of Election 
and Media Committee Direct- 
ors to the Executive Council 

* the appointing of someone 
to maintain an 

archives for future reference 

* appointing the 
Constitution Regulations 
Committee the right to decide 
judicial review 

* the separation of student 
programming and student 
government by removing the 
Student Activities Board from 
the Executive Council 

The change of election date has 
met with little If any opposition. 
Most agree that the extra time in 
office for newly elected officials 
would be beneficial for the 
organization. They could learn 
the responsibi I Itles of their 
position earl ier in the academic 
year. 

The second proposal is more of 
a clarification than a change. In 
the past there has been some 
question to whether the Finance 
Director or the Finance Director- 
elect has the responsibility of 
drawing up the budget for the 
upcoming year. This would make 
the budget proposal a joint 
effort, If ratified. 

The proposed Election and Media 
Committees Directors as Executive 
Council members would delegate 
respons i b I i ty for running elec- 
tions and regulating campus media. 
The current Constitution doesn't 
provide for these needs, and there 
has been some difficulty in 
deciding who In ECOS, If anyone, 
should head these activities. 

The new Constitution would 
designate the ECOS vice-president 
as the keeper of the archives. 
This would ensure the safe-keeping 
of club charters and other 
documents of importance, which In 
the past have had a tendency to be 
misplaced. At present, there is 
no record of the activities and 
decisions made by previous ECOS 
members. 



The major change in the 
Constitution would be the removing 
of the Student Activities Board 
(SAB) from the Executive Council. 

This is met with strong opposi- 
tion by past-president Andy 
Haines. 

Haines revealed, "60$ of the 
money a I located for student activ- 
ities goes to the SAB." He 
claims, "this money must be kept 
in student control." 

But Harwel I, Roby and Campus 
Activities Director Barry McDowe I I 
feel ECOS Is getting too Involved 
In student programming and is 
fal I Ing short of their pledge to 
"represent the Interests of the 
student body, promote campus 
unity, and lobby on behalf of 
student Interests on and off 
campus. " 

Granted, the SAB Is a council 
under ECOS headed by the Director 
of Student Activities, but that Is 
not the sole purpose of ECOS. 
Roby points to the problem of the 
late distribution of fal I semester 
final grades. "That's the kind of 
thing ECOS should be concerned 
w ith." 

Haines feels the reason SAB 
duties have fallen on the 
Executive Council in general is 
because we have yet to have a 
"very dedicated" Director of 
Student Activities. He has a lot 
of faith in the system, and 
insists it can work "with the 
r ight D I rector." 

If implemented, the change 
would free ECOS of any obi igatlons 
to the SAB. The Student Activi- 
ties Board would be an Independent 
organization, thereby permitting 
ECOS to attend to other responsi- 
bi I itles. 

It wll I be up to the Leg Is I a- 
tive Council to decide If this 
alteration in the structure of our 
student government Is Justified. 

Students are urged to pick up a 
copy of the current Constitution 
at the ECOS office, and are In- 
vited to make Inquiries and voice 
opinions to ECOS members. 



9 



IMPACT s guide to becoming a day student 



Dan Cameron, Production Manager 



With ever- Increasing enrollment, there arises the 
Inevitable housing problem. Over the past few years 
Eckerd's population has grown steadily, causing a 
proportional Increase In the housing shortage on 
campus. 

More and more students are searching for off- 
campus housing to combat the difficulties that come 
with ovei — crowding. 

Although several apartment complexes are located 
In the nearby vicinity, most students remain unaware 
of the vast possibilities which lie before them. 
Careful planning can result In a comfortable 
apartment minutes from campus at about the same cost 
as room and board at Eckerd. 

Residing off-campus Isn't difficult. 

Initial I y, an app I Icatlon for a lease must be. 
made, the cost varying per complex. Credit checks are 



then made to Insure that the applicant Is In 
relatively good standing. 

Next, the lease must be signed. 

Lease times also vary, but they usual ly run for 7 
to 12 months. Most places require the parents of a 
ful l-tlme student to co-sign the lease unless the 
student can prove their sel f-supportedness. A lease 
Is a binding legal document which should be taken 
very seriously. Any complex may choose to enforce the 
lease to the letter, as Is their right. Violation of 
the lease can result In eviction. The above assumes, 
of course, that the app I leant has chosen to be honest 
about their situation. I.e. being a student. 

In general, the first major monetary obstacles ore 
security deposits. Rent deposits vary by complex and 
type of housing, while the phone deposit varies as to 
the type of service desired (usual ly about $100-150). 
Fortunately (or unf ortunatey), the electricity 




10 



deposit remains a steadfast $100. 

Rent Is almost always due on the first of each 
month. Most complexes will pro-rote the rent for the 
month If It becomes necessary to move In at some time 
other than the first. (Specifics about several com- 
plexes In the area are presented In the table) 

Roommates can be extremely beneficial to apartment 
I Ivlng as their presence reduces housing costs to 
half the listed price. However, great care should be 
taken In selecting a roommate(s). 

Besides the obvious need for the two (or more) 
people to get along, there are cert I an legal problems 
which can arise. For example. If one person breaks 
+he lease, he/she Is legal ly responsible to pay the 
balance of the rent due or provide an acceptable 
alternative (such as another roommate to take their 
place). However, subletting Isn't always permitted by 
the apartment complex. Therefore, for both parties' 
protection, each person should sign the lease. 

One final area of difficulty Is transportation. 
Owning a car may not be necessary, but It Is 



certainly convenient. Bikes or wopeds cen be used In 
most cases. 

For the next couple of years, traffic east of US- 
19 on 54th Avenue South will be unpleasant, to say 
the least. Due to the construction of 1-275, most of 
the traffic Is being rerouted In that area. This 
means that a I I complexes mentioned except for 
Bermuda Bay and possibly Coqulna Key wll I have some 
difficulty driving to and from campus, especial ly 
during rush hour. Extra traveling time should be 
a I lotted to avoid being late. 

Living off-campus can be quite enjoyable and even 
refreshing. It Is not for everyone, though. 

Certain responsibilities, minor problems, and 
major catastrophes have to be endured. If you have 
difficulty changing a I Ight bulb or cleaning the 
bathroom, either hire a maid or stay on campus! 

Being a day student can prepare you for llfe- 
after-col lege. If It exists. The benefits of privacy, 
responslbl I Ity, and Independence, far outweigh the 
difficulties encounter ed. 






Barbara Ray, Complex Columnist 



or Simple Pleasures, Simple Minds: 
A Tribute to the Eckerd Mental Ity 

VICTIM: EPSILON COMPLEX 

Surprise faithful readersi Your humble author has 
chosen a more, urn... I et's Just say d I f f erent comp I ex 
this 1 1 me around. Eps I Ion Comp I ex, home of some of 
the oddest, but most lovable and Interesting person- 
ages that you' I I ever encounter. But now for a 
little more In-depth description... 

I've managed to wander from a co-ed Insane asylum 
to a mostly single-sex home for the mental ly 
unstable. Loud, usually tasteless music, phones that 
are constantly either ringing or busy, and even an 
occasional obscene phone caller plague Epsllon. As 
you may have guessed, there's never a quiet moment. 

"Quiet." Interesting term. Somehow, everyone 
here seems to have forgotton Its meaning. 
"Organization," "personal I Ife," "free time," 
"study," "food," and "sleep" are some more of these 
obscure terms. Not only have definitions been 
forgotton, but knowledgo of their spe I ling has also 
taken leave of the Epsllon population. And without 
this knowledge, their meanings may never again be 
discerned, as due to absence of this wisdom, no one 
Is able to locate these words In the dictionary (does 
anyone remember what that Is, I wonder?). 

As I have stated, there are quite a few unusual, 
but definitely endearing characters In residence 
here. One such person absolutely must be mentioned 
In this category, as even being In the same room can 
be an adventure. Anything can trigger her, and then 
everyone had better stand back. Many times I have 
been Innocently studying In my room, when suddenly 
the door Is thrown open, and there she stands. The 
wickedly gleeful grin Is enough to warn us as to what 
happens next. From her sma I I frame em I nates one word 
- a word Important enough, and definitely loud enough 



to shake the windows: FOOD! Yes, "food," that 
mysterious substance for which anyone who must "dine" 
on campus searches for with futile effort. 

The reason I mention this Is that Epsllon Is 
situated In the Eckerd Inner-city, across from that 
Infamous brlnger of sorrow — Saga. As a matter of 
fact, the view from many rooms Is a spacious, 
sweeping picture of the cafe In al I Its glory. (That 
Is, If you can Ignore the scattered bodies, the many 
victims of the previous meal.) The only serious 
disadvantage to this Is that these people no longer 
experience the Joy of surprise upon reading the dally 

As I have stated, there are quite a 
few unusual, but definately 
endearing characters in residence 
here. 



menu. You see, they've learned to guess the menu by 
the way the victims walk (or crawl) back to their 
dorms to die. "Look — that one's walking slow and 
dragging his left leg. Must be lasagne again." 

Can anyone tel I me why visiting parents have such 
a bizarre effect upon the control of normal ly quite 
sane Epsllon residents? It seems that the moment any 
parental figure steps foot Inside the dorm, manners 
go on a rather extended coffee break. One parent had 
the misfortune to visit for an entire weekend. 
"Pol Ite" and "discreet" were Instantly added to the 
Obscure Words list. Profanity, graphic music and 
speech, and Just general rude behavior took hold of 
everyone. For example, a usual ly mannered and 
Imperterable Individual, upon locking herself out of 
her room, proceded to proclaim "shit, damn, fuckl" 
The parent, poor shocked sou I that she was, stood 
undetected less than three feet away. 

Wei I, we have once again successful ly concluded a 
Journey Into the treacherous wilds of Eckerd Col lege 
dorm I Ife. Congratulations to you dear reader, and 
many thanks to the Epsl Ion residents for putting up 
with me as long as you did. 



12 




Seeing the statue, I am reminded of al I we stand 



for In youth. The people of the future. Our main 
objective Is to simply do something with our I Ives. 
The bent wrist of this stone man lets me know that 
human emotion Is to be expected, the single curvature 
In this straight man of learning. And we are Imbred 
with the Idea that to accomp I ish Is to achieve, that 
opinions and facts al I are of relevance. That's I Ife 
for you. As naive babies, we be I ieve our teachers and 
then are suddenly thrust into a situation that proves 
them wrong. Always saying that col lege, existence, 
marriage, and youth were important. I now know they 
were and are wrong. Age-that's what I have over them. 
Years of I ife, real I ife I've I Ived and now the 
relevance of what we refuse to be I Ieve has sunken In. 

He helped. The one I always talked myself out of 
caring for. Why? He was a non-achiever, a non- 
athlete, a non-conformist. I was just the opposite. 
My mind Is beginning to struggle back Into my past-my 
happ iness. 

"What are you painting?" I ask the boy, not 
mean ing to f I Irt. 

"Actual ly It's nothing, just feel Ings put Into 
paints. " 

Inside I laugh. If anyone, but me had heard that, 
they would have walked away. At least this Is what I 
thought. Because he was different, I was to be 
commended for talking to him. He was probably 
laughing at me. Because he was the one wise before 
his time, he was the kind that would actual ly have 
the nerve to burn a draft notice, he was the one 
everyone respected, even though they didn't know it 
then, I, I'm ashamed to say, was more concerned with 
getting homecoming queen and what I was going to buy 
to go with my new boots than finding something good 
In everything. Back to what he said. .."Feel ings Into 
paint," huh? A I I tt I e too deep for me and I wasn't 
wary of saying so. 

I now laugh outside. He looks up, no, not actual ly 
I ooks-that wouldn't do him justice, he glanced up and 
It was then I knew something was beginning to click. 
Every girl has at one time or another experienced It 
or has been the experience herself. Something fal Is 
into place. His eyes of amber flirted with me, daring 
me to match wits with an intel I ect. Typical, I know, 
but I backed down. Not only that but I backed out, 
leaving him for a chocolate shake and a cheeseburger. 

He saw me again once we started col lege. I 
recognized him right off the bat, he being the 
subconslous person always present In my dreams. He 
didn't recognize me, but I can't say I didn't 
understand. I had taken to adopting a new 
personal ity. I was Into vegetarian pizzas, my dad's 
clothes, fish hook jewelry and spending all my extra 
time raising money for the "Save A Seal" fund. It 
wasn't me and that's why he didn't know me. We are 
only capable of knowing that which Is real. The rest 
is Just a fraud and he was no person to put up with 
frauds. We talked In the campus "Hardees". He gulped 
down a salad with poppy-seed dressing while at the 
same time casual ly te I I Ing me I was not what I should 
be. Those eyes always probed deeper than I wanted 
them to, always taking the real me I hide and 
flinging her Into a pit of lions-at least that's how 
I felt. And he loved me. He never had to say It and I 



ti, pjup^t^ 



always knew It. Al I of our sporadic "just friends" 
dates out to see the "Beatles" film festival or what- 
ever, just let me know and I didn't care. I couldn't 
get Into his need for truth, his need to know the 
concept of I Ife, or his need to reform me. I was Into 
my soaps, saving bubble-gum wrappers to get a Mickey 
Mouse watch, and learning to play German music on my 
gu itar. 

This is where I come to our third run in. We lost 
touch after those four years but regained It again 
when I went on a splurge to learn classical guitar at 
a free group lesson. Guess who was the teacher? Him, 
always him. He had grown a longer beard, longer hair 
and a trimmer body, but he stl I I had those eyes. He 
had told me that when he was younger everyone used to 
comment on them. If he could ever know how we I I I 
understood why. But there he sat, his battered guitar 
strumming out an extremely talented tune with about 
twelve avid learnersworkingquite hard to Imitate 
it. And I stood there, watching. Unaware and naive or 
what I actual ly felt for him, I sat down. Hesmlled 
and continued. I smiled and turned red. 

I fear I have led the reader to be I Ieve he sat 
aimlessly around waiting for me. Quite the contrary. 
He enjoyed the pleasures of women quite often. He 
never married but st I I I I ed a married I ife-to me. And 
I loved It, him too. But stl I I I was to be commended 
for being his friend. He was st i I I so different. 
Stl I I , was I the fool ? The Ironic thing being that he 
always knew 1 1. He I ed a f u I 1 I Ife. Maybe not f u I I to 
me but ful I to his be I lefs and I considered it wrong. 
But who Is better off, those ignorant and happy, or 
those wise and unhappy? I now be I ieve In the first. 
He amazed everyone that met him with his fresh ideas 
and great outlook. 

I'm back at the guitar lessons and now they're 
over. Have I learned? Not guitar. He thanks everyone 
and thanks me, I Ingering so long I ask him to spend 
the rest of the day with me. We grab a picnic lunch 
and eat in my favorite place, under the statue. Never 
i n my I ife has an afternoon been more profitable, not 
In money but In wisdom. We talked, for hours under 
this staiue. Not the kind of talking you do a! I 
throughout I Ife, but the kind of talking that only 
comes when lying in bed at midnight, or on a deserted 
beach, or under a statue eating strawberries. We 
found the meaning of I Ife together, our relevance to 
mankind, the way to God's Heaven, the reason I ife 
ends and everything else I felt there was no answer 
to. The one thing we didn't find though, sadly- 
enough, was a way that we- two such different people- 
could make a I Ife together. 

Now I will end this. There's no more I care to 
put Into the open. I wish I could make an Incredibly 
symbol Ic ending for this to make the reader's time 
worthwhile. Maybe I could I le and say we found each 
other and I ived with long hair, bare feet and happy 
babies forever, but we didn't. In fact I never saw 
him again, at least not yet. So I'l I leave this 
statue of stone and also leave you to wonder, if you 
care, at our fate. I look Into the water surrounding 
the statue, and notice- no, I don't notice, I almost 
expect to see a strawberry stem sunk to the bottom. 
Symbol ic? Who knows.... except maybe him. 

13 





-1 



1 V . - 

^ - ,-.'1 







v^' >r t~; 







t 






.*o 










K: 




-^ 



1^* 






* I * 4«js 



*«L» r- 1*1* -L, 



7 i 



.-•..- 



An ecosystem endangered . . . 
will the mangroves survive? 

Shana Smith, Science Writer 



A developer gazed Into the 
F lorlda sunset, largely Ignoring 
the silhouettes of the stubby 
mangroves In front of him. His 
thoughts were on tourists and the 
Impact that this site would have 
on new visitors to Florida. 

He walked down to the clear, 
warm water and smiled with satis- 
faction as a school of sand trout 
darted away and fisherman In the 
distance played their lines to 
hook them. 

A few weeks later the developer 
returned, and within a few month's 
time the mangroves were cleared 
and a resort was bul It. 

The sunsets continued night 
after night, but the water turned 
muddy brown and the fish disap- 
peared. The developer was In 
desperation, for he had destroyed 
the support of the beauty and I Ife 
which he had seen that night. The 
mangroves were gone. 

When one mangrove dies, It Is 
decomposed by bacteria, fungi, and 
tiny animals such as nematodes 
(worms and amphlpods which are 
col lectively known as detrlto- 
vores) . 

The particles of semi decomposed 
mangrove are then either consumed 
by fish or swept out and f I I tered 
through the seagrass beds outlying 
the mangrove forest, where further 
decomposition takes place. This 
Is the natural course of things. 
The complex energy transfer system 
of the mangroves and the sea- 
grasses al lows for abundant I Ife. 

However when hundreds of 
mangrove trees are uprooted, the 
system becomes overwhelmed, and 
the consequences can be dis- 
astrous. 

Like coral reefs, mangrove eco- 
systems are fragile but Important 
ones, and their Importance In 
conserving the natural beauty of 
Florida's coast I ine must be rea- 
I Ized. 

There are four species of man- 
groves In Florida. Interestingly, 
none of the species are taxonoml- 
ca I I y related to each other in any 



way other than that they a I I have 
adaptions for I iving In a salty 
environment. Thus, mangrove trees 
have the ab I I Ity to I Ive where 
other trees cannot. 

The most faml I iar mangrove Is 
Rhizpphpra many I e, + he red man- 
grove. It has large, red prop 
roots and is closest to the 
water's edge. The prop roots are 
often encrusted with barnacles and 
eaten away by a sma 1 I species of 
pill bug known as Sphaeroma £uad_r 
rldentatum. 

At a slightly higher elevation 
is Av icennla nltlda . the black 
mangrove. It Is found along the 
south seawa I I of Eckerd Col lege 
and can be identified by roots 
which stick up around each tree 
I ike dead fingers. The bottom 
side of the leaf of the mangrove 
Is spark I y and silver with salt 
crystals that are excreted so that 
the tree can survive. 

Higher up from the water and 
not as common Is La guncu I ar I a 
racemosa P the white mangrove. At 
the highest tidal zone Is 
Conocarpus. the knar led, somewhat 
ratty- I ook i ng buttonwood from 
which driftwood is formed. 

Mangroves In general have no 
toleration of cold, and thus they 
are found In tropical locations. 

Cedar Key, Florida Is an area 
that can be considered a 
"transition zone" between mangrove 
ecosystems and more temperate 
saltmarsh ecosystems. 

Several years ago a freeze 
kl I led off the mangrove trees In 
the Cedar Keys. A I I that was left 
was their skeletal remains. The 
ecological effect was consider- 
able; only now are seed I Ings be- 
ginning to grow. 

St. Petersburg, by contrast, is 
rich in mangroves, but they are 
now experiencing devastation by 
other, artificial causes. 

Mangroves do many things to 
make Florida beautiful. Although 
not as stately as the Florida 
sable palm or as ta 1 I as the 
Austral Ian pine tree, they are 
almost savagely tropical and just 
as beautiful. 



An afternoon canoe trip spent 
winding through Indian Key, right 
near Eckerd Col lege, is I Ike a 
trip to the Amazon. The I ife that 
Is supported by mangrove forests, 
from periwinkle snails, fiddler 
crabs, and tree crabs to raccoons 
and great blue herons. Is both 
rich and diverse within the 
tangled roots and leaves. 

Of foremost Importance to 
humans Is that mangroves and the 
surrounding seagrasses form a 
habitat upon which baby fish — the 
ones that turn Into the biggest 
trout, redflsh, barracuda, 
whiting, and so on — are dependent. 
Furthermore, mangroves keep the 
water clear and protected by 
trapping sediments and pollutants 
In their roots and building up 
dense Islands and coast I Ines which 
act as buffers to storms. 

Thus the developer who built 
that resort did more than just 
ruin a prime site. He destroyed a 
I Ife source, depleted the game 
fish In the area, and scarred his 
sma I I part cf the coast. Produc- 
tivity, both in tourist dol I ars 
and In mangrove energy output, was 
dep I eted as we I I . 

Unfortunately, this Is not an 
uncommon problem In the unprotect- 
ed mangrove sited in Florida. A 
I arge percentage of mangrove areas 
are protected by I aw or by the 
National Audubon Society; most of 
these are within the Everglades, 
where I Ife systems thrive undis- 
turbed. 

The government has had a huge 
Impact on mangrove conservation, 
but because unprotected areas are 
so vulnerable and because their 
destruction has such an extreme 
to I I on the environment, a problem 
st I I I rema 1 ns. 

The sunsets wl I I always be 
beautiful I n F I or Ida. So w I I I the 
land and the coast, If development 
I s p I anned w I th care. 

Mangroves — the skeleton of 
coastal Florida's appeal, provides 
boundless I Ife and beauty. But as 
it is with anything that is al Ive, 
a body whose skeleton is wrenchea 
out f a I I s apart and dies. 



1'-- 



Why do marine mammals strand themselves? 



Shana Smith, Science Writer 



It is common be I ief thai I ife 
came from the sea; the evol ution 
of life on land is often pictured 
as a single event when thousands 
of advanced sea-animals crawled 
out of the ocean to walk on land. 
Of course, evolution works much 
more s I ow I y, and such a deve I op- 
ment would take mi I I ions of years. 

Marine mammals have taken the 
process a step further in that 
their ancestors, once land ani- 
mals, returned tc the sea and 
adapted to a completely aquatic 
I ifestyle. For this reason, It's 
a dramatic sight to see a bottle- 
nosed dolphin lying in a pit of 
sand at low tide or a mass of 
pygmy sperm whales stranded on the 
beach. 

Both of these cases are common 
along the beaches of Florida, and 
both single and mass strand ings 
have been reported in a wide 
variety of species. As soon as an 
animal has stranded itself, if it 
is still alive, it is vul nerab I e, 
and can be he I ped or harmed by 
humans. 

There are two basic types of 
marine mammal strand ings that are 
reported: single strandings and 
mass strand I ngs. 

The bottlenosed dolphin is by 
far the most commonly reported in 
cases of single strandings, with 
over a hundred strandings per year 
being reported on the average. 

The second mcst commonly re- 
ported single stranded animal is 
the pygmy sperm whale. Other 
species reported Include the sperm 
whale, spotted dolphin, spinner 
do I ph i n, kill er wha I e, fa I se k I I- 
I er whale, pilot whale, and, par- 
ticularly In Florida, the West 
Indian manatee. Inshore species 
are often found washed up dead, 
whereas the offshore species, such 
as some of the I arger wna I es, are 
found most often a I ive. The Imp I I- 
cation here is that the Inshore 
an i ma I s, accustomed tc t i da I va- 
riation and nearby land masses, 
die from some natural cause, such 
as disease or old age, and are 
16 



then washed ashore. 

In the case of the larger more 
offshore species, it is likely 
that they may travel inshore acci- 
dental I y, become disoriented, and 
thus beach themselves. 

Animals such as the pygmy sperm 
whale, which depend on thiamine- 
rlch squid In their diet, become 
th lami ne-def icient if they remain 
Inshore too long. This results In 
cardiac problems and a further 
likelihood of stranding. 

Mass strandings are a more 
dramatic and mysterious type of 
stranding. Al I of the animals 
Involved are offshore species, 
a I most a I most a I ways st i I I alive, 
and, no matter how often they may 
be set free, they will constantly 
restrand. 

There are several theories ex- 
plaining the mass stranding pheno- 
menon. To explain how deepwater 
animals arose in the shal low wa- 
ters in the first place, It is 
be I ieved that swirl ing eddies, 
gyrating off of the Loop Current 
in the Gulf of Mexico and the Gulf 
Stream in the Atlantic Ocean; 
migrate through the deep shipping 
channels, carrying the offshore 
species with them. Eventually, 
the eddies break up very close to 
shore, and at once the animals 
become disoriented and must choose 
a direction in which to swim. The 
leader of the whale pod will make 
this choice, and the others in the 
pod fol low him. If he makes the 
wrong choice and swims toward 
land, the result is mass strand- 
ing. 

The fol I ow-the- I eader concept 
Is the I ikely cause of most mass 
strandings. If the leader is af- 
f I Icted with ear parasites, for 
example, his sonar becomes dis- 
rupted and he Is likely to strand 
himself In shai low water situa- 
tions. The other animals In the 
pod fol I ow h I ir» 

This explains why most mass- 
stranded animals are In apparent 
good health, and it could explain 



why they consistently restrand 
themsel ves when set free, in the 
absence of their dying leader. 

Marine mammal strandings are 
large crowd-gatherers. People can 
both help and harm a I i ve animal; 
It Is important to keep the animal 
as free from harm as possible. 

The first thing that should be 
done when a I Ive marine mammal Is 
discovered is to try to get It 
back into deeper water. If the 
animal is too large, keeps re- 
stranding Itself, or is dead, then 
either the National Marine Fish- 
eries Service (893-3841, St. Pete 
office), the Florida Marine Patrol 
(893-2221) or Dr. John Reynolds 
(Eckerd College: 866-1166) should 
be contacted. Meanwhile, a I I ve 
animal should be kept wet with 
light-colored towels, to keep the 
animal cool and to prevent It from 
drying out in the sun. Water 
should be kept away from the blow- 
hole, as this could result In 
pneumon ia. 

Do not touch a dead animal — 
humans are prone to the same 
diseases as marine mammals, which 
may be contagious. 

Final I y, it Is Important to 
keep potential harassers away from 
the stranded animal. The fine for 
harassment as stated by the Marine 
Mammal Protection Act of 1972 Is 
twenty-thousand dollars, and this 
Includes taking away parts of a 
dead animal. 

Mar I ne mamma I s, a I though true 
mammals, are far removed from the 
I and. They have adopted a body 
form, physiology, and social 
structure that is based on surviv- 
ing and thriving in the marine 
env I ronment. 

But every biological system has 
its complications, and when adap- 
tations go haywire, strandings 
occur. 

By continuing to do research on 
the different types of strandings, 
we may be able to give more aid to 
distressed animals and prevent 
their deaths. 



Renaissance, feasting, Cckerb - 

tofjat bo tfjep Jjabe in common? &C&!!! 



Ptisan Joljannr s 



The knight clad In metal plate 
armor eyed his opponent, a ta I I , 
nimble man of about twenty. The 
nimble man struck with his rattan 
sword, but the knight blocked and 
went In for a face thrust. The 
knight was fast but the nimble man 
was faster; his battered shield 
lifted and blocked the sword with 
a loud clunk. The knight slowly 
backed away, sizing up his oppon- 
ent once again. The nimble man 
advanced and aimed at the knights 
left leg. The knight hopped to the 
right and swung at the nimble 
man's head. The nimble man I If ted 
his head to parry. And so the 
battle raged. 

Does this sound like something 
out of a history book or a fantasy 
novel? Wei I, It's not. It's a real 
live situation In the Society for 
Creative Anacronlsm (SCA). 

What Is the Society for Crea- 
tive Anacronlsm? (No, not Anarch- 
Ism!) Well, according to Webster's 
Col I eg I ate D let lonary . society 
means "companionship or associa- 
tion with one's fel lows"; creative 
means "having the power or qua I Ity 
of creating"; and anachronism Is 
"anything Incongruous In point of 
time with It's surroundings." So, 
the SCA Is an association, or 
club, which Is creatively out of 
place within Its surroundings... 
sort of. Actual I y, the SCA Is a 
group of people who get together 
to have fun by recreating the 
middle ages for a weekend. Or, as 
Junior Kris Ha I enbeck (or Lady 
Trlste Katherlne More) puts It, 
"the SCA Is an educational non- 
profit organization for recreating 
the Middle Ages and Renalsance 
through costuming, arts and 
crafts, fighting, and fun." 

SCAers first develop a 
"persona"; an alter ego. This 
persona Is the person the SCAer 
then "becomes" at events. The 
persona can be anyone from Anne 
Bolyn's fictitious second cousin 
In Tudor England to a 14th century 
Italian peasant to a 15th century 
Japanese Samurai to a fifth 
century barbarian. The only 
requirement Is that he/she can not 
be an actual historical figure. 
The reason for this Is so that 
there are not twenty Robin Hoods, 
thirty Arthur Pendragons, or fifty 
Anne Bolyns running around. Also, 
this way members are compel led to 



find a period name and do some 
studying Into that era and create 
a unique and Innovative personal 
history for their persona. 

The SCA rents a park for events 
which last ful I weekends at a 
time. During these weekends, SCA 
members put on appropriate cos- 
tumes and take on their personas' 
life style. At these events there 
Is usual ly some form of tournament 
or fighting contest, feasts, 
occasional original poetry con- 
tests, bardic circle, and other 
fun events. 

Most events contain some form 
of tournament or war In which 
fighters (both male and female) 
engage In combat with ful I armor 
(leather, plate, chain, or the 
occasional plastic), metal hel- 
mets, and rattan swords. At the 
tournaments, the winner wins a 
trophy or prize or, twice a year, 
may become king, prince or what- 
ever else the participants are 
fighting for. In the wars, battles 
are fought, In complete armor with 
rattan swords, between two sides. 
Once a year there Is a major 
battle in Pennsylvania In which 
members from a I I over the country 
join and fight a major "war". In 
both the tournaments and the wars, 
strict rules are enforced to 
ensure the safety of a I I the par- 
t Ic Ipants. 

The feast Is a time for friends 
to sit together, converse, and 
engage In the consumption of some- 
what period food, such as cornlsh 
hens. Feasts usual ly last several 
hours and are several courses 
long. Many times there Is an over- 
abundance of food and after the 
first few courses the SCAer Is 
ful I. Baslcal I y, the feast Is a 
time for fun and friendship. 

The poet or song writer can 
have a field day at an SCA event 
because there Is such a high 
priority given to poetry. There 
are several contests one can enter 
with original poems. Usually the 
piece must be somewhat period and 
the poet must read It aloud In 
front of the populace (the group 
of SCAers). The populace then 
Judges the piece by making as much 
noise as possible, somewhat I Ike 
the talent contest at the Bui I shit 
Ba I let. A major award a poet can 
win Is the Poet Laurette. 

Not only poets and fighters can 
participate In these contests, but 
there are contests that provide 



for bel ly dancers, singers, Jug- 
glers, and even comedians. These 
are Judged In much the same way as 
the poetry contests and must also 
be as period as possible. 

Bardic Circle Is another basic 
element In an event In which 
SCAers are a I lowed to show their 
talents. It usual ly takes place 
late at night around a campflre. A 
candle Is passed around the circle 
giving the holder of the candle a 
chance to te I I a tale, sing a 
song, or whatever else he or she 
may want to share with the group. 
Some of the songs and stories are 
taken directly from the middle 
ages while others are made up, and 
still others are "fl Ik" songs In 
which the writer takes a modern 
song and changes It to fit the 
SCA, somewhat I Ike Weird Al. 

The SCA Is an International 
organization which has Its own 
kingdoms and nobility both of 
which provide mostly atmosphere 
for members. Nob I I Ity Is changed 
every six months when a tournament 
Is he Id to choose the new King or 
Prince. If the leader does not 
resign, he Is "assassinated" by 

". . . the SCA is an 
educational non-profit 
organization for re- 
creating the Middle 
Ages. 

—Kris Halenbeck 



h I s rep I acement or "d I es" 1 n some 
pub I Ic and dramatic way. For exam- 
ple, the I ast Prince of Trlmar Is 
came home from "war" and "died" In 
court. 

Eckerd Col lege Is the home of 
the household of Shadowsea, a 
newly estab I Ished campus group 
that Is within the boundrles and 
under the governing of the Shire 
of Narvel Dorado, which consists 
of southern Pine I las County. The 
shire Is then under the newly 
estab I Ished K I ngdom of Tr I mar Is, 
which Is most of Florida. 

The Household Is Itself an 
official Eckerd College club and 
plans medieval revels (one night 
medieval party) open to the entire 
campus. The SCA on campus Is as of 
now a sma I I but rap I d I I y grow I ng 
club which Is headed by It's pres- 
ident. Senior Constance Werklng. 



17 



terrorism and vOhat you think may depend on what you reaa 



Melissa MacKinnon, Head Staff Writer 



Ah, but one argues, the United 
States fought for the right to 
govern Itself. But Is the regime 
In EL Salvador, propped up by the 
Un 1 ted States, truly se I f- 
govern Ing? 

Final I y, one reads that "now Is 
the opportunity for the restora- 
tion of moral authority and 
pol Itlcal forceful I ness." Thus 
violence Is proposed for violence 
as people are to I Ive "ordinary" 
and "predictable" lives under the 
United States moral ly superior 
ru les. 

If one does not venture much 
past the supermarket newsstand and 
likes Information presented on 
glossy paper complete with cap- 
tivating color photo and sensa- 
tional 1st head I Ines such as 
"Shooting to K I I I ", then Time and 
Newsweek are aval I ab I e. 

Newsweek In January of 1986 did 
an In depth article on terrorism. 
Conclusions Included cal I Ing 
Palestinians synonymous with 
terror Ists. 

For the, "Palestinian cause, 
the lack of a homeland and the 
moribund (In a dying state) peace 
process that provides the motive 
driving these men to put them- 
selves outside the pale of clvi- 
I I zed conduct." 

Civl I Ized conduct, the reade>- 
rea I Izes is whatever the Americans 
or I srea I I s do. 

The history of Palestine, the 
reason for the fighting Is not 
Important enough to exp-l-aln. 

I n 1 947 the Un 1 ted Nat Ions 
partloned Palestine to create a 
Jewish State of Isreal whose 
boundaries fel I just short of the 
"Biblical" Palestine. Isreal's 
founding fathers promised the U.N. 
a state, "In which al I citizens, 
regardless of race or creed, wll I 
enjoy equal rights and ai I com- 
munltes will control their 
Internal affairs." 

When the Arabs did not accept 
this proposed plan war broke out 
and Jordan gained control of what 

Americans live In an era where 
perceptions often are based on 
what a "free" media te I Is us. 
Media proposes to present the 
facts. 

But facts are merely an 
ordering of reality to fit certain 
be I lefs, as the nature of facts 
depends on the questions the ob- 
server asks. How one defines 
terrorism these days depends on 
one's main source of Information. 

It Is easy to turn on the tele- 
vision and see President Reagan 
making Impassioned speeches about 
18 



American patriotism versus Inter- 
national terrorism. 

Terrorism can be a double stan- 
dard of the Reagan Administration 
who defines It as violence for 
pol Itlcal ends. The Important 
question Is, whose political ends? 
If It Is democracy. It Is no 
longer terrorism but revolution. 
One hears how Important It is to 
send mi I itary aid to Nicaragua as 
the United States will fight 
everywhere to make people free 
I Ike Itself. 

I f one were to read the con- 
servatlve magazine, the New 
Repub I lc r one might argue that," 
aid to NIcaraguan rebels should be 
directed only to those who won't 
be tempted by terror. 

Terrorism by United States 
backed governments and armies Is 
democracy "painful ly achieved." 
Only democracy's pol itlcal ends 
justifies the means. 

Continuing on In the New Re- 
pub I I c one reads that these 
terrorist forces should not "mess" 
with the United States or those 
a I ready In power. 

Assuming this, the American 
Revolution should never have been 
f ouqht. 

was to be the separate Palestinian 
State (the West Bank). 

Then In the six-day war some 
nineteen years later Isreal seized 
the West Bank claiming Jordan 
never control led It legal I y. 

Al I Palestinians were Issued 
refugee cards and Isreal set about 
to Integrate Palestine Into 
Isreal . 

But, according to a Washington 
based writer special Izing in the 
Arab-lsreall conflict, the 
migration of Isreal is Into Pales- 
tine has been slow and Palestinian 
national Ism has not dec I Ined. 

Newsweek deta I Is Amer lean and 
Isreal I massacres of Innocent 
people yet It Is somehow less 
horrible perhaps because Americans 
view American's I ives as somehow 
more worthy or nob I e. 

To real ly hop on the terrorism 
bandwagon one might read Claire 
Ster I ings Die. Terror Network or 
Arnaud de Borchgrave and Robert 
Moss's The Sp Ike . 

Both propose that the K.G.B. Is 
coordinating al I terror ana sud- 
verslon against the Free World by 
placing agents in Western media to 
spread "disinformation". This is 
a popular Idea with both Alexander 
Haig, who found Claire Ster I Ings 
story more Interesting then C.I. A. 
Information, and Georqe Schu I tz. 



Readers of the more I iberal, 
less aesthetical ly pleasing maga- 
zine, The Nat ion, would have read 
that trials in Italy have turned 
up the story of the so cal led 
terror network to be a fraud drum- 
med up by the C. I. A. to test the 
val idlty of a defector, Czecho- 
slovakian officer Major General 
Jan Senja. 

According to the Nat i on (and 
supposedly later the C.I. A. who 
explained to Haig why Ster I ing's 
article was more Interesting) 
Senja was earning a living in the 
United States se I I ing mi I itary 
secrets. 

When the C.I. A. began to sus- 
pect that Senja was te I I ing more 
than he knew they invented the 
document. Senja confirmed the 
document that had "absent-m i nded- 
I y" si Ipped his mind and the 
C.I. A. began to ease him off the 
payrol I . 

It was when Senja traveled to 
Europe and began te I I ing European 
intel I igence officers that the 
C.I. A. had proof of a K.G.B. ter- 
ror network that the story spread 
I Ike w I I df i re. 

Those who read the also I Iberal 
magaz I ne The Progress l ve will have 
read that the Reagan Administra- 
tion wants to be I leve a I I commun- 
ism is directed by the Soviet 
Union and a terror network does 
ex I st under the K.G.B. 

The purpose Is to create an- 
other Red Scare I Ike In the 1920's 
and 1950's in order to flush out 
those who don't agree with the 
administration by label ing them a 
communist sympathizer. This fal Is 
under the cl I c he," t f you're not 
with me you're against me" 

A I I media should be looked at 
critical ly and not accepted as 
fact. 

Final ly there is a term cal led 
cognitive dissonance where by 
people accept and reject facts 
based on preconceived Ideas. 

So one who bel leves the United 
States Is a Innately good and 
wants the best for al I peoples 
will more eas i I y accept one mes- 
sage or read a certain magazine. 
While one who belives that the 
United States Interest In other 
countries Is not humanitarian but 
self serving wll I tend to accept 
another message. There are varia- 
tions on preconceived notions as 
groups are not polarized. 

But Is Important to real Ize 
that even facts are subject to 
Interpretations and should be 
critical ly considered. 




Dawn Regan 



19 



V 



Apartheid 




Dawn Regan 



The history of a cruel system 



Melissa MacKinnon, Head Staff Writer 



The light against Apartheid has 
become a popular movement as Its 
ca I Is to divest have been a ral- 
lying cry on col lege campuses 
across the country. In an attempt 
to end South Atrlca's white mlnor- 
' ty rule, it cal Is topul I mone- 
tary investments out of the 
country. 

The fight against Apartheid Is 
not a new one nor Is the demand 
for divestment. 



20 



The practice of racial segrega- 
tion began as early as 1657 when 
trade between black Khol herdsmen 
and white settlers was forbidden 
In South Afrlca c s Cape Colony. 
Much I ike the United States drove 
off the Indians, the Dutch set- 
tlers came in and drove off the 
black tribes. 

Then In the 1850's South Africa 
became a British colony and when 
it final ly gained independence 



the whites set up a racial 
soc lety. 

In 1910 the b I ack Af r leans 
formed the African National 
Congress (ANC) whose purpose was 
to gain more rights for blacks 
througn peaceful methods. 

While the ANC struggled to gain 
rl.i.its for blacks the government 
segregated the land leaving only 
ten percent to blacks. 

Then on March 21 in 1960, 69 



blacks were snot by South African 
pol ice during a peaceful demon- 
strat ion. 

Final ly in the 60's the ANC gave 
up Its non violent methods that 
were not getting the blacks any 
more rights and moved to violent 
protests. They were than exiled by 
tne government. 

The activities did not go 
unnoticed or, US college 

campuses. In 1966 several Nation- 
al Col lege organizations got to- 
gether to declare March 14-21 
National Student Week Against 
Aparthe id. 

The program exposed South 
Africa's policy of white supremacy 



. . . in 1960, 69 blacks 
were shot by South 
African police during a 
peaceful 
demonstration. 



and segregation and demanded 
change in the US pol icy (divest- 
ment, racial integration of US 
Government personnel serving in 
South Africa, granting assy I urn to 
pol itical refugees). It also 
publicised films, debates, and 
fund raising for South African 
Defense and Aid Fund. 

But, It has been suggested, the 
protest among American col lege 
students dia not grow and take 
hold at that time because the 
students were trying to end segre- 
gation in their own country. 
Then, again, there was also the 
V letnam war and its re I ated pro- 
tests occurring around the same 
time. 

It was In May of 1977 when 
perhaps the first major antl- 
Apartheld demonstration In the US 
took p I ace. 

Nearly 300 Stanford University 
students staged a ra I I y and sit- 
in to protest the University's 125 
million dollars In stock invest- 
ments in South African firms. 

Florida colleges have also be- 
come Involved. In November of 
1985 the S± Petersburg Times ran 
an article concerning the anti- 
Apartheid movement at the Uni- 
vers I ty of F I or I da in Ga i nsv I I I e. 



According to Eckerd col lege's 
Comptrol I er, Alan Bunch, as far as 
he knows, Eckerd has no money 
invested in firms that do business 
In South Africa, either directly 
or Indirectly. 

There Is currently a bill 
pending that would force Florida 
to d i vest some 2 b i I I I on do I I ars 
In holdings in companies that do 
business In South Africa. Ac- 
cording to a January Issue of the 
St Petersburg Times the bill has a 
good chance of passing this year. 

Those against divestment say 
that the corporations provide jobs 
and money to the b I acks. However, 
Pol Itical Science Professor Ken 
Roberts feels that although the 
money provides jobs, in the long 
run it stl I I aoes to support the 
government and Apartheid. 

And there are those that feel 
that change must be made through 
the government because a disman- 
tllng of the system would cause a 
pol itical and social revolution 
and possibly result in a Marxist- 
type Administration coming to 
power in South Africa. 

Since September of 1984, 
violence because of the battle to 
end Apartheid has claimed over 800 
I ives, most of them black. 

4,500,000 White South Africans 
are the only ones a I lowed to vote 
in a country with a total popula- 
tion of 28,7000,000. But yet 
the United States' attitude to- 
wards the Aflcan Government is the 
friendliest Its been in years. 



According to Eckerd 
College 's Comptroller, 
Alan Bunch, as far as 
he knows, Eckerd has 
no money invested in 
South Africa. 



An article in USA Today d y 
Franklin H. Williams discuses the 
United States' "constructive en- 
gagement" brought in by the Reagan 
Admin istrat ion. 

While the United States supports 
change in South Africa and 
applauds such changes as the Inte- 
grating of some sports and removal 
of some discriminatory signs, 
Nobel Peace prize winner Bishop 
Desmond Tutu accuses the govern- 
ment of giving the appearance of 
reform ca I I Ing it "superficial" 

Will iams also writes about South 
Africa's National Party's pursuit 



since 1946 to el Iminate the racial 
problem by eliminating blacks en- 
tirely from South Africa and 
giving them their own separate 
homeland. That homeland is 13 
percent of the poorest land ; poor 
in resources and poor agricultural 
potent i a I . 
Williams ends by saying that 
major ity ru I e w i I I inev i tab I y come 
to South Africa and the new lead- 
ers will remember who he I ped I n 
their struggle for liberation and 
who hindered it. He seems to feel 
that the US is now among the 
h i nderers. 

Recently the South African 
Government extended an Invitation 
to fly 10 board members of the 



It was in May of 1977 
when perhaps the first 
major anti-Apartheid 
demonstration in the 
US took place. 



American Student Association (ASA) 
to South Africa and give the group 
a tour through the country. This 
would be an effort to show that 
the white government was doing Its 
best to bring about the end of 
segregat ion. 

Eckerd Col lege senior, Andy 
Haines is a member of the board 
and intended on going. 

Haines serves as Vice President 
of State and National Student 
Associations for the American Stu- 
dent Association which represents 
students of al I areas of higher 
education and is concerned with 
educational issues. 

Haines felt that the American 
Student Association was chosen 
possibly because It is known as a 
basical ly conservative group and 
has two top working black of- 
ficials, President Craig Kirby and 
an executive director. 

South African officials hoped a 
positive experience on the trip 
would possibly make members go 
back to the US and discourage 
divestment and campus protests 
Ha i nes added. 

But when the South African of- 
ficials discovered that the ASA 
President has been signed on as a 
top aide to Jesse Jackson's cam- 
paign, the South African Govern- 
ment withdrew its invitation. 

Haines feels that what was 
important was the value South 
Africa placed on the protests and 
college students who will be 
tomorrow's leaders. 






"If colleges keep squeezing black students, they just set- 
up a dependent, young, black generation . . . Kill the head 
and the body will die. " —Lena Willfalk 



Fire blocks 
disappearing 

in higher 

education? 



Mary Zimnik, Editor 



Giovanna Welch, Student Member 
of the Florida Board of Regents, 
spoke to black students at a 
recent Florida Black Student As- 
soclatlon (FBSA) conference. She 
charged "There Is stll I discrimi- 
nation. Discrimination hasn't 
crawled Into a corner. Starving 
chi Idren aren't only In Af r lea. . 
difference. . ." 

However, thanks to Senators 
Phi I Ip Gramrr. and Warren Rudman, 
and thanks to unfair assessment 
tests ( I Ike the SAT), and f Ina I I y, 
thanks to short-sighted vision In 
the eyes of our society today, 
b I ack peop I e may not get that 
opportunity to make a difference. 

Blacks are In trouble In higher 
education. Their numbers are 
declining and according to 
Director Louis Sullivan of 
Morehouse School of Medicine, "We 
have lost the legacy of the '60s 
and '70s in equal opportunity and 
In equity." ( T I ME , November 11, 
1985) 

The loss Is being felt across 
the country. Everywhere black 
students are losing ground in 
education and losing a grip In 
soc I ety . 

This past year at Eckerd Col- 
lege only two American black stu- 
dents out of 340 were admitted 
Into the freshman class. That's a 
stagger I ng .5%. 

Dean of Admissions Dick Ha I I i n 
doesn't blame his admissions staff 
for the .5? freshman black 
enrollment. "It's not an 
Institution that's walked away 
from its committment or an 
admissions staff that doesn't do 
its job -- It's a nation-wide 
prob I em." 

However, he also added that 
"you can never make the case that 
you've done all you can do." 

So, who or what is to blame 



here at Eckerd.' 

Hal I in has a three-part theory 
as to the cause of the prob I em on 
this campus: 

1) top students are lost out 
to the more prestlgous In- 
stitutions 

2) Eckerd campus lacks the 
blacks in numbers (students, 
staff, faculty) that creates 
a "comfortable" campus that 
invites a prospective black 
student. Also, the St. 
Petersburg area lacks the 
black professionals to do 
the same 

3) Money, I.e., financial aid 



This past year at 
Eckerd College only 
two black students out 
of 340 were admitted 
into the freshman 
class. That's a stag- 
gering .5%. 



The first aspect to his theory 
represents a substantial problem. 
According to Hal I In, "Why would a 
good, black student come to this 
Institution?" 

More importantly, how does this 
administration define a "good, 
b I ack student?" 

"The goal is to try and Improve 
the academic standards so more 
white and black students will 
apply," according to Hal I in. 

In this goal to improve acade- 
mic admissions standards is a 
five-year plan In the making by 
the Col lege Planning Council 
(CPC), chaired by President Peter 



Armacost. This five-year plan Is 
presently being designed for, 
among other reasons, to Improve 
the college's academic reputation. 

One proposed part of this plan 
Is to Include an SAT requirement 
cut-off. Dean of Academics Lloyd 
Chapin wants that cut-off to be a 
score of 800, according to one CPC 
member. 

So, if this plan goes Into 
effect, within five years no 
student will be admitted with an 
SAT score of under 800. 

Therefore, a "good, b I ack stu- 
dent" In the eyes of the 
administration might be one with 
acceptable SAT scores according to 
these admissions standards. 

That attitude In the proposal 
doesn't leave much possibility for 
the future of black students at 
Eckerd Col lege. Perhaps one day 
that .5% black freshman enrol Iment 
might be a number to shoot for. 

Although there Is no documented 
evidence to sclentlf leal ly support 
the fol lowing, SAT scores may be 
considered discriminatory. 

According to Hal I In, lost 
year's average scores among 
seniors speak for themselves: 

•the average SAT score for a 1985 
senior was 906. Of that group Is 
the fol lowing: 

average Native American - 820 
average Asian American - 922 
average black American - 722 
average Chlcano - 808 

average Puerto Rlcan - 778 
average White American - 939 

In response to SAT's, Dean Mark 
Smith said, "SAT's are viewed by 
blacks as a test for whites, by 
whites. . . black students 
approach the test with a defensive 

more 

23 



attitude. Why then, should they 
take the test seriously? I be I leve 
this very strongly." 

How can an Institution base 
admission standards on a test that 
reflects even the hint of In- 
equality displayed above In last 
year's average scores? If this Is 
an unfair test because of socio- 
economic Inequal Ity, Eckerd Col- 
lege would be discriminating If It 
used an SAT cut-off score In Its 
admission requirements. 

Look around you. How many 
students here are successful as 
community members despite average 
to low SAT scores? According to 
Smith, "I don't so much worry 
about the students with low SAT 
scores and high participation, but 
rather high SAT scores and low 
participation." 

Afro-American Society President 
and senior Ernestine Johnston 
agrees, "SAT's do not say what a 
student can contribute. SAT's do 



"SAT's are vieved by 
black as a test for 
whites, by whites." 
—Mark Smith 



not prove your capabilities. 
Anyone can learn If they have a 
will to learn." 

But even with a strong "wl I I to 
learn" and a shot at col lege ac- 
ceptance, blacks yet have another 
hurdle. That hurdle just may tear 
apart a I I the good done by the 
Civil Rights Movement. 

"Last funded, first cut from 
the budget," said Welch at the 
FBSA conference. That's part of 
what Gramm-Rudman will do. 

We I ch continued, "Af f I r mat I ve 
Action, Black Student Unions. 17- 
bl I I Ion cut from domestic programs 
— welfare, social services — 
poor people/black people will be 
hit from al I sides." 

Is the Gramm-Rudman law 
Intentionally discriminatory, or 
is It Just an accident? The 
Supreme Court heard arguments In 
late April on the constitution- 
ality of the I aw. 

Untl I any change Is made stu- 
dents, mainly black students, will 
suffer dearly. 

"Th is w 1 I I certa Inly acce I erate 
the trend of dec I Inlng black and 
Hispanic participation In post- 
secondary education," contends 
Arnold Mitchem, director of the 
National Council of Educational 
Opportunity Associations. (Notice 
also, that blacks and Hlspanlcs 
are already hit with the lowest 
SAT scores) 
24 



Is Gramm-Rudman law 
intentionally 
discriminatory, or is it 
just an accident? 



As much as 80 to 90 percent of 
the students In black col leges 
receive some financial aid, 
Mitchem says. 

We're already beginning to feel 
It here at Eckerd as almost 7 5J of 
our students, black and white 
receive financial aid. As the 
award letters came In many stu- 
dents saw federal aid being cut at 
exorbitant rates. That's only the 
beg I nn ing. 

Reported by Welch, "Gramm-Rud- 
man is designed to reduce the 
budget deficit to zero by 1991. 
Two-bi I I ion dol lars wl I I be cut 
from financial aid in two years — 
635-mI I I Ion from the 1986 budget, 
and that Includes Guaranteed 
Student Loans (GSL). . . private 
schools wil I increase tuition by 
1% per year. Programs with 
I Imlted enrol Iment wi I I go. . . 
b I ack programs will be hit the 
hardest. . . there wil I be layoffs 
and naturally, salary cuts for 
f acu Ity." 

So, as our Eckerd Administra- 
tion works on its own five-year 
plan for academic excel I ence, 
Gramm-Rudman will be aiming at 
black students from the financial 
side. 

"Some say a I I those hard times 
are In the past. . . Things are 
going to get worse, they haven't 
been good," Welch added. 



"Some say all those 
hard times are in the 
past. . . things are go- 
ing to get worse, they 
haven 't been good. " 
—Giovanna Welch 



So, what are the possibilities 
for blacks In higher education? 
Where Is the future for any chl Id 
that's not white? 

There are many probabilities. 

Most look bleak though. 

The black individual Is faced 
with probably the most disturbing 
future ever seen before. They won 
their Civil Rights and got a taste 



of equality. But, without the 
slightest warning, those same 
rights so strongly fought for are 
being ripped from beneath the 
foundation of the black movement. 

Welch remarked, "When Martin 
Luther King's Era reaped Its 
benefits and we had people move 
into the area that they had never 
been before, It was significant." 

However, Welch added that In 
order to stay In that newly 
discovered place, concessions had 
to be made. 

"One way to stay In Integrated 
society was to keep our mouths 
shut. Mayors, Council men don't 
want to hear — we had 20 years of 
civil rights, money for education, 
money to squander — so we kept 
our mouths shut. 

"Many of us aren't wl I I ing to 
take a chance — we don't want to 
lose what we had — but a I I those 
programs that moved In our favor 



' ' You can never make 
the case that you've 
done all you can." 

—Dick Hallin 



' 'One way to stay in in- 
gegrated society was 
to keep our mouths 
shut." 

—Giovanna Welch 



are moving right out the door." 

As those opportunities rol I out 
the door, the time for change 
grows shorter. Without educated 
blacks, who wil I go back Into the 
black communities and reach out to 
the black youth to change their 
b I eak future? 

"If col leges keep squeezing 
black students, they Just set-up a 
dependent, young, b I ack genera- 
tion and I hope It doesn't come to 
that," contends Lena Wllfalk, 
Director of Minority and Interna- 
tional Student Affairs at Eckerd. 
She adds, "K I I I the Head (the 
movement) and the Body wil I die 
(the people)." 



r 



dunn's view 



a 



c 

c 

D 

Q 



Australia's athletes 
s are tough!!! 

13 
•w 
ro 
CD 

Last spring I studied In London end this past 
January I spent my winter term In Australia. 
Austral la fol lows England In many ways, Including 
sports. 

However, Austral la has developed a few of their 
own sports, such as Rugby and Aussie Rules. In both 
countries the main consensus of the pub I Ic and those 
who participate In sports Is that American sports 
aren't near as physical ly demanding as theirs. 

I had often heard comments such as, "your athletes 
don't want to get any bruises or scars because they 
may have to appear on a T. V. commercial tomorrow." 

American sports are very different from many other 
countries. 

Australian athletes are popular for their sports, 
not the kind of shoes they wear or what kind of car 
they can fit their oversized bodies Into. 

The two countries are playing almost separate 
games. U.S. sports have become extremely commercial. 

Other than the commercial Ism, there are many other 
differences. Equipment Is definitely a negative 
Issue with the Australians. Australians only wear a 
minimal amount of safety equipment. 

Are U.S. sports competitors as tough as their 
International counterparts? 

A U.S. f ootba I I fan would be surprised to see an 
Austral Ian f ootba I I match. Austral la has three types 
of f ootba I I: rugby, soccer and Aussie rules. The 
I atter Is the most comparab I e type to U.S. f ootba I I 
except no safety equipment Is worn. While U.S. 
football players protect themselves to the fullest 
extent, Aussie rules players wear only a minimal 
amount of safety equipment. They feel It's more 
manly to play the game without a I I the pads and 
helmets the U.S. players use. Austral lans feel the 
sports they play separate the men from the boys. 

Cricket Is a popular sport throughout the world, 
however, the U.S. has not yet adopted this sport. 
Cricket Is comparable to baseba I I except the players 
do not wear gloves and the bats are quite different. 
The bats are approximately five to seven Inches In 
width and two and a half feet In length. The pitcher 
Is ca I led a bowler and he bounces the ba I I towards 
the wicket (a three foot type of target) trying to 
hit It. The batter has to hit the bal I and If the 
bal I hits the wicket, the batter Is out. Once the 
batter hits the ba I I , he does not have to run. Only 
when he feels he can make a successful run does he 
move. The distance he runs Is about equal to that of 
the distance between home and f Irstl At the oth6r 
end of the run Is another batter and wicket so tr° 
runners must change positions to score one run. 

If the viewer tries to compare It to baseba I I, he 
wl I I have a hard time understanding the game. Al- 
though there ore s lml I ar It les, there are a I so many 
differences. 

America's best known sports are not so popular In 
other countries, but whether or not other countries 
are more successful In dividing boys from men In 
their professional sports Is up to the Individual 
viewer. 




Mary Zimnik. EDITOR and DESIGNER 

Dan Cameron, PRODUCTION MANAGER to the EDITOR 

Dawn Smith, MAG YEARBOOK EDITOR 

Kitty Waclawski, ADVERTISING COORDINATOR/PERSONNEL DIRECTOR 

Melissa MacKinnon, HEAD STAFF WRITER 

Valerie Cerny, FICTIONS EDITOR 

Robin Dunn, SPORTS FEATURE EDITOR 

Ricky Kephart, HEAD PHOTOGRAPHER 

Karen Torrisi. DARKROOM PRODUCTION 

Sue Johannes. OFFICE MANAGER 

Heather Schwab, ASSISTANT OFFICE MANAGER 

Trish Cole, COMPUTER OPERATOR ASSISTANT to the EDITOR 



WRITING STAFF 




Thorn Altman 


Melissa Kub 


Jennifer Black 


Mike Lee 


Stacy Bonner 


Brian Mahoney 


Kim Boss 


Sean Moberley 


Michelle Buckholz 


Stacey Plummer 


Brian Creighton 


Barbara Ray 


Howard Cullimore 


Shana Smith 


Ron DePeter 


Brian Stella 


Grace Gannaway 


Julio Veaz 


Katie Gugg 


Edward Williams 


Heather Hanson 


TimWilmont 


Taffy Jaeger 




SPORTS STAFF 




David R. DiSalvo 


Eric Toledo 


Mark Richardson 


Cheryl Toy 


PHOTOGRAPHERS 




Curtis Arnold 


Darrell Pfalzgral 


Mark Davenport 


Carlton J. Pierce 


Judy Gascoigne 


Cricket Rowe 


Bruce Lee 


Steve Wilcox 


PRODUCTION ART STAFF 




Leah Bamford 


Mary Alice Harley 


Jen Bushey 


Polly Melton 


Jackie Cerny 


Dawn Regan 


Helen Cornwall 


Sherry Sharrard 


Lauren Oiscipio 


Andre Stanley 


Lisa Fritz 


KentYunk 


YEARBOOK STAFF PHOTOGRAPHERS 




Kelley Blevins 


Heidi Steinschaden 


Maria Meuch 


Kevin Stewart 


Kim Poston 


Michele Vilardebo 



IMPACT is published by the Eckerd College Organization of Students on a 
monthly basis. Production is handled entirely by the staff. Contributions are 
encouraged from all students, staff, faculty, and administration. However, this 
publication does reserve the right to edit any and all material submitted. The 
opinions expressed in any article are solely that of its author and do not neces- 
sarily reflect the opinions of the IMPACT staff or the Eckerd College Community. 
Any articles, letters, or inguiries about advertising may be sent to IMPACT , Eck- 
erd College, Box N, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733, or to the Editor at Box 1147. 




<■-- 





7 ft 



* Vtf 






\ 



. ' 










W 



Uuitesi HUACjA, 




^^H 



i 



ANDY JOYNER 

AGE: Sophomore 

ORIGIN: New Jersey 

MAJOR: Business Management 

FAVORITE GROUP: Run D.M.C. 

FAVORITE FOOD: Lasagne 

HOBBIES: Dirt biking, playing cards 

ping-pong 

GOALS: Grad School 




I 




# 



a 







jAGE: 20, Senior 

W)RIGIN: Holland 

4 FAVORITE FOOD: Indonesian 
FAVORITE GROUP: Supertramp 
HOBBIES: Windsurfing, Swimming, Sailing, 

Tennis and Biking 
GOALS: Grad School 




w. 









tj&mig*** 



•J 



CHRIS BASLEY 
AGE: 19, Sophomore 
ORIGIN: Connecticut 
MAJOR: Human Resources 
FAVORlf E MUSIC: fioek^J^plI 
FAVORITE FOOD; Mom's tooc}!* ,' 
HOBBIES: Carla^Phjl Collins, fted 
frisbee throwing, good times w/good 
friends, class w/Mark Smith, Chinuka 
GOALS: To be healthy, wealthy and wise : 











ANDY WOLLARD 

AGE: 20, Freshman 

ORIGIN: Washington 

MAJOR: Psychology 

FAVORITE FOOD: Lobster 

HOBBIES: Windsurfing, scuba diving, 

water and snow skiing, fishing 
GOALS: Grad School 



IMPACT presents 

from DARKNESS 
to LIGHT 

QcMidCUut Malms Cuut 



SCENE: (The setting Is a co! lege graduation. In 
center stage stands a stark, white cyclorama. 
Appropriate greenery and flowers add color to the 
stage area. The CHORUS is prerecorded and is heard 
through speakers in the rear of the auditorium. The 
I ighting consists of a bright spotl fght. A gray lens 
cover and a dark gray lens cover are utilized.) 



35 



PROLOGUE: Today, as the graduates cross the stage to 
receive their diplomas, they will begin their Jour- 
neysto help mankind travel from darkness to I lght. 
Their futures, unknown to us, wl I I become recorded 
history a century from now. Darkness, unknown today, 
wll I be revealed as the light begins to shine. Today, 
speakers from history are present to shine their 
I lght upon the graduates as they did for the people 
of their times. 

CHORUS: From darkness to I lght Is where we wish to 

travel . 

Prometheus, Prometheus, Prometheus... 

Son of Zeus and brother of Atlas, 

Zeus has put us In the dark. 

You must bring us to light. 

Only with light can we see; 

Only with Prometheus can we live In the light. 

Prometheus, show us the way from darkness to I lght. 

(As Prometheus enters the cyclorama, the dark gray 
lens on the spotl lght which shines on him turns to 
I lght gray. Music Is heard in the background. It Is 
"Torture" by the Jacksons.) 

PROMETHEUS: I am a friend to mankind, for Zeus osked 
me to create humans. The most difficult part of the 
task was to provide man with the endowments necessary 
for htm to survive, to be superior to a I I I Iving 
creatures. My first step was to al low man to walk 
upr lght, to make him an appropriately nobler form. 
Next, I went up to Heaven and I It a torch from the 
hot flaming sun, thus giving mankind fire - fire with 
which to cook, to produce warmth, and to provide 
light. (Lighting changes to bright, clear glow.) Ah, 
I worked hard for mankind, I must admit I should have 
stopped at that point, but I wanted more. I tricked 
Zeus, of al I gods. Into taking a pile of fatty animal 
parts, composed primarily of bones, so that the gods 
would get the worst part of those animals available 
for sacrifice. Yes, there Is a good lesson In this 
trick, for when the gods chose the worthless parts, 
man was left with the edible parts. Unfortunately, 
Zeus became angry. He chained me to a rock In the 
Caucasus. Every morning an eagle came to prey on my 
liver. This happened to me day In and day out until I 
was freed by Hercules. Yes, It was torture, but the 
pain I suffered was nothing, for now I know that you 
and al I mankind have meat and fire. Today, fire may 
be considered primitive, but it is a source of 
energy, a source of I lght. I, Prometheus, gave this 
as my gift to the world. Yes, It was an early gradua- 
tion gift, but I gave It to you graduates nonethe- 
less. 

(Music fades as Prometheus leaves the cyclorama. The 
spotlight darkens as the gray lens cover Is replaced 
by the dark gray lens cover.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I lght Is where we wish to 

travel . 

We are In the darkness from a lack of peace. 

We need guidance; we need good news. 

Jesus Christ, son of God, show us the I lght of the 

world; open the gates to Heaven; open up our hearts 

to others; teach us what it is to love. 

Jesus, show us the I lght. 

You were crucified In the midst of darkness. 

You died for mankind. You are the light of the world. 

Jesus Christ, show us the way from darkness to light. 

(As Jesus enters the cyclorama, the lighting Is 
changed to the I lght gray lens cover. The music Is 
"Let There Be Peace on Earth.") 

JESUS CHRIST: I was reared a "carpenter's son}" 
although I am the Son of God. I came to bring good 
news. I came to br I ng peop I e back to God, to spread 
his word. I hoped people could find peace within 



themselves and with others. Yes, I did meet opposi- 
tion, but any worthwhile cause In I Ife wll I never 
come easl ly, and It may even come with death. I had 
a goal to reach, a goal I am stl I I working on today. 
Luckily, I had twelve close friends who believed In 
me. Together we worked. I was crucified and died, 
but In three days, I was resurrected as I had 
promised. Fol lowing my resurrection, I visited my 
friends and other people and asked them to spread my 
"good news." They did. They spread my word a I I over 
the wor I d so that now there Is I ight where darkness 
existed, hope where there was despair. I ask you 
today to spread my good news, to shine I Ight unto 
others. 

(The music fades as Jesus exits the cyclorama. The 
dark gray lens cover replaces the I Ight gray.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight Is where we wish to 

travel. Johann Gutenberg, show us the light. 

Books are handwritten and scarce. 

Books are the key to knowledge, but they are costly. 

Books are the key to learning, but we are In the dark. 

We search for light. In the day and night. 

We search for I Ight, a I Ight which only you can make 

sh Ine. 

Johann Gutenberg, show us the way from darkness to 

light. 

(As Johann Gutenberg enters, the dark gray lens cover 
Is replaces by the I ight gray. The music heard Is 
"ABC" by the Jacksons.) 

JOHANN GUTENBERG: I'm just an average man, no dif- 
ferent from any of you graduates gathered here today. 
Any society has needs. My society had needs which I 
was able to improve through the use of a I Ittle 
Initiative. My system was actual ly very logical. At 
the time, books were printed through the use of 
wooden blocks Individual ly carved for each page, a 
time consuming process. I decided that I could carve 
the letters of the alphabet Individual I y. These 
letters could then be arranged to fit any page, for 
the letters would be Interchangeable. The more I 
thought about it, the more I began to real ize Just 
how real Istlc my Idea was. It did work. (Bright 
spotlight focuses on Gutenberg.) Time necessary to 
print books was greatly reduced; thus more books 
could be printed. With more books, the cost became 
Inexpensive. Now, any average man, I Ike me, can 
purchase a book. Amazing what a I Ittle Initiative 
can do. 

(Johann Gutenberg exits the cyclorama. The brighter 
I ight Is replaced by the I Ight gray cover, then the 
dark gray cover. The music fades.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight Is where we wish to 

travel. Wl I I lam Shakespeare, show us the I Ight. 

We are In darkness In need of a theater. 

Only you can write the plays which will end the 

darkness. 

On I v vou can let the light shine. 

Only you, Wl I I lam Shakespeare, wl I I be able to I n- 

f I uence the writers to come. 

Wll I lam Shakespeare, show us the way from darkness to 

I ight. 

(As Wl I I lam Shakespeare enters the cyclorama, the 
dark gray lens cover Is replaced by the I Ight gray 
cover. The musical version of "I Write the Songs" Is 
played In the background.) 

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: Here I stand nearly four cen- 
turies since I I Ived, since I wrote plays. I never 
dreamed I would ever live so long. While I wrote, I 
aimed to create a response from! the audience without 
compromising art. Twenty years of my I Ife I (bright 
spotl Ight is focused on speaker) spent writing more 



than a ml I I Ion years of poetic drama. Now here I am 
at a graduation ceremony, and I find out just how 
many authors have modeled works after mine, how many 
people have studied my works. I never realized how 
dark the world was nor how much I Ight I was capable 
of releasing to the world. 

( As W I I I lam Shakespeare exits the eye I orama, the 
music fades, and the I Ight Is covered by a I Ight gray 
cover, then a dark gray cover.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight Is where we wish to 
travel. We live primitively; we live In the need of 
the I Ight of Inventions. 
Thomas Edison, light up our world. 

Only you can invent the Incandescent I Ight, the 
moving picture camera, the phonograph, the elec- 
tric vote recorder, the iron alkal Ine storage battery 
and more. 

Our world Is dark without you. 
Thomas Edison show us the way from darkness to light. 

(The music from "You Light Up My Life" fades In as 
Thomas Edison enters the eye I orama. The dark gray 
lens cover is replaced by the I ight gray lens cover.) 

THOMAS EDISON: The graduates to whom I speak will 
accomp I Ish today what I never did. You see, I quit 
school after three months; my teacher said I had a 
"scrambled mind." (Bright spot I Ight Is turned on 
speaker.) This, however, did not stop my education, 
for my mother patiently taught me and answered my 
numerous Inquisitions. For I was, despite what my 
school teacher had thought, an eager learner. I am 
f i I led with curiosity even today, even after my I Ife 
on earth that ended a half a century ago. Perhaps 
this Is why I began testing everything through ex- 
perimentation, although it wasn't until I was sixteen 
that I began to wonder just what my potential as an 
Inventor was. The world was so dark, so tui I of 
questions and problems to be solved. Perhaps, like 
my Incandescent I ight, I wished to shine I Ight Into 
darkness. 

(As Thomas Edison exits the eye I orama, the music 
fades and the I Ight Is changed first to the I ight 
gray lens cover and then to the dark gray lens 
cover. ) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight is where we wish to 

travel. 

Madame Curie, I Ight up our world. 

Radiation was unknown until you shined light upon us. 

Without you, we were in the dark. 

We knew not how to determine a broken bone within 

one's body. 

We were In the dark, for we knew not of the energy 

hidden In radioactive elements. 

This area of the world was so dark without you. 

Madame Curie, show us the way from darkness to light. 

(As Madame Curie enters the eye I orama, the dark gray 
lens cover on the spot I Ight is replaced by the 
I ighter gray. The music is "She El inded Me with 
Sc lence"... Thomas Dolby.) 

MADAME CURIE: I don't know exactly when the I Ight 
shone before my eyes. Perhaps the beginning was while 
I studied at the Sorbonne, more specif ical I y, while 
I worked on my mysterious radiation discovered by 
Henri Berguere I . (The bright I ight is focused on 
Madame Curie.) I was able to measure the strength of 
The radium emitted from uranium. The results led to 
studies which were to revel two new radioactive ele- 
ments. In my life, I reclevedtwoNobel prizes, one 
in physics for my uranium research and another In 
chemistry. My chemistry prize was perhaps due to 
World War I. You see, during the war I dedicated 
myself to developing x-rays into useful applications. 



Unfortunately, my work was be I leved to have caused my 
leukemia and eventual ly my death. However, darkness 
existed, and I was born with the key to I Ight. I 
consider It an honor to have died for the cause of 
mankind, so that darkness may be replaced by I Ight. 

(As Madame Curie exits the eye I orama the I ight gray 
lens cover is si Ipped over the bright. This Is fol- 
lowed by the dark gray lens cover. The music fades.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight Is where we wish to 
travel. 

Our world has changed from the days of Prometheus, 
but darkness st i I I exists. 

The world of Imagination and fantasy, the world when 
the child Is seen In every auult remains In tht 
dark. 

Walt Disney, Walt Disney, 

Hear our cry; on I y you can expand the wor I C of car- 
toons and amusement parks. 
Fantasia, Plnocchio. Bambi. Clnderel la. 
S I eep I ng Beauty , and Snow White . . . 
Al I are a product of your I ight. 
Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, 
Pluto, Goofy, and Dumbo entered our world. 
Walt Disney, show us the way from darkness to light. 

(As Walt Dlney enters the eye I orama, the dark gray 
lens is replaced by the I ight gray lens cover. In the 
background the song "Zippedy Do Da, Zlppedy Day" is 

heard. ) 

WALT DISNEY: Here I stand at my first graduation, 
for I dropped out of high school at the age of seven- 
teen. Al I of my I Ife I searched. I was In the midst 
of darkness. I worked as a commercial artist In 
Kansas City and then for an animator. I then pro- 
ceeded to make a move to Hoi I ywood. My next produc- 
tion company survived long enough for my cartoon 
series, Oswa I d the Rabb It, to bring me mild success. 
True success came when I created Mickey Mouse In 
Steamboat W I I I i e . I think part of Steamboat Wi I I le 's 
success was due to an experiment of mine. You see, 
this was the first cartoon ever to combine a cartoon 
character with an actor. This was also my first 
animated cartoon with sound. The I ight was beginning 
to shine. I wanted my cartoons to be effective In 
entertaining the audience: thus, I worked hard to 
improve the sound, color, and the photography, In 
general, of motion pictures as we I I as my cartoons. 
Perhaps my biggest dream came true when Disneyland 
opened. Children's toys were so much fun to play 
with, but I always wondered what they would be like 
If they were I ifesize and we were the dol Is. This Is 
Disneyland. When my life ended here on earth, I left 
my dreams In writing, in pictures. One dream was 
almost completed before I died, my dream of Disney 
World. Light shone In on my I Ife through the I Ight 
that came from others who I aughed and escaped the 
darkness Into the I ight of my entertainment. 

(As Walt Disney exits, the music fades and the light 
is covered by the I ight gray lens.) 

CHORUS: From darkness to I Ight is where we wish to 
travel. We have seen much darkness; we have journeyed 
into the I Ight.Darkness wil I come before I ight, but 
I ight wi I I outshine al I. Each person here can show us 
the way. 

EPILOGUE: Today, we have traveled through history, 
through the I Ives of people In history and, more 
Importantly, from darkness Into light. Today Is the 
beginning for you graduates. Your futures, unknown 
to us, may shine I Ight onto the world In areas where 
darkness has not been known to exist, but exists none 
the less. Darkness Is present, and It Is 
cat I Ing out to each one of you graduates tonight. 
It Is ca I I ing out for you to show us the way from 
darkness to I Ight. 



~h 




(Phofahj... 

c#' 0^ </*' 




NANCEE ADAMS 




JENNIFER ALI-HOSEIN 




KATHRYN AMON 



39 



y 



• imnJo* taction co* tti * t*md - 



&\ 





MIKE BLACKWOOD 



£. 



40 




:,' • '■••' 


i •• 


* * 

• • 


* } 


u 


, 




%M 


) 


^A <■ i 


H 


1 


V' MtL 




1 


T ft 



TODD BO WMAN 




KELLEY BLEVINS 



y 




KELLEY BRAULT 




MIKE BRUMMAGE 



^ 



"*\ 




PETER BROCHIN 




MIKE BOCCHEP 




MIKE BOL'T70UKAr 



y 



- lesuot AecUo+t casUutuea 




r€" 



Ih 




ROBERT CAMPO 







3Mi 


g> 






^■^ ^^nl -** fc 


aT 4 








- A 






! 


■ 


' <- 


•** 


r 1 




^- 










* 


MJ CASTELO 










MIKEL CAROTHERS 







AMANDA CHRISTIAN 



^ 



43 



> ] 



~i**uo>i 4ectio*t co n tinu ed • 



&\ 




DEBORAH COFFEY 




? 



YEHIA DAAKA 



itffc, J^Jf ^ 



p- 




KRISTOPHER EDMINSTON 



y 




LAURA EDWARDS 



SCOTT ESTES 




> 




TROY EDWARDS 




TAMMY FLOYD, CHERYL RODGERS and MIKEY 



^ 



y 



-4&*uo*. 4eoUa*i co+Uinaed. 



*\ 






JUNITA GASTON 




: :. 



y 





B I JAM HELALAT 



v> 




ANDY HAINES 




MELODY HARTNUP 



MICHELLE HERBLOT 




47 



y 



-■L&tuoA iectiott. cotttitued- 



*) 













-* 




1 






»' 


L ^J 


s * 


J 




i 


TRACY KILL IAN 





•€. 



48 



^ 






JEFF MARVIN 



NANCY MASIELLO 




y 



■■Le+uxvi iedio*t co+iti*uiea- 



~*\ 










50 



y 




#*■ » 




BETHANN O'CONNELL, JACKIE CERNY 



^ 



51 



y 



-<ie*ua*. 4ectia*t co* tti*t * 4 a d 




iwuoA. iectio+t cotitutuexJl- 



A 




SHERRY SHARRARC 





KIRSTEN FRIIS S0RENSON SNELLENBURG 




COLLEEN SULLIVAN 




COLLEEN TAYLOR 




KEVIN TAYLOR 



-e_ 



y 



> 






55 



y 



■ ie*u&i ieciia*t co*UUu4ad 




> 




(clockwise, start at midnight!) PETER HILL (Sid), J TM ARNOLD, 
THEODORE NICHOLAS WASHINGTON OLMSTEAD, JEAN DOUGHTY. NAN GALLE, 
NICK BANGOS (hippy), CHRIS LEAHY (smoke) 



*e. 





MARSHA WILD* 







JOAN COLLINS, BEAU WILLIAMS 



y 




y 



•< 



•ienie 1 4ectio+t cmnUnu m a 



The fol lowing poems were written by Sherrl RIvlnlus whose kind 
and gentle ways have touched this campus and Its people for four 
years. These poems are fll led with love and optimism for the 
future. For that reason I feel very confident that Sherrl leaves 
Eckerd to teach the children of tomorrow. Good luck and 
congratulations to Sherrl and a I I the rest of the seniors. 

Take care, 
Mary Zlmnlk, Editor 




SHERRI RIVINIUS 

"I touch the future I teach. 



Christa McAu I Iffe 



A 



Daydream 

"What are you doing?" 

I b I ink and jump at 

the same time I say, 

"Daydreaming." 

That makes-my-heart-mel t- I Ike-a-grl I I ed 

cheese-sandwich grin covers your faults, 

wipes out everything but virtues. 

Your words, no matter how ridiculous, 

sound musical, the same rhythm as my laugh. 

The scene would make even Mr. Rogers sick. 

"About me?" you question. 

I reply, "Of course," 

And the devil dances 

between us. 



You-on-the-br I an 

I've got the dreadful, 

depress Ing, 

deadly disease 

commonly known as 

'You-on-the-bra In. ' 

No cure. 

Medical researchers have 

given up hope. 

No matter where my mind 

meanders. It keeps meandering 

back to you. 

You preoccupy me. 

I suffer da i I y from 

■You-on-the-bra In. * 

My only wish 

Is that you 

might be similarly afflicted. 



Nervous, dear? 

Do I make you nervous, dear? 

I notice when we sit together 

your hand shakes 

ever so si ightl y 

as you reach for your fork 

and the lettuce 

on Its way to your mouth 

v Ibrates. 

You smi le cool y; 

so suave and smooth. 

If I hadn't been looking at your hand 

I might have bel ieved 

you are the macho man 

you'd I Ike me to bel ieve 

you are. 

Do I make you nervous, dear? 
Good. 



Your Function Key 

Make me, Lord, your computer 
Fill me with Basic programs 
So men might understand 
And fol low Thy path I ike lambs. 
Make my words like an Apple II C 
Or an IBM or Commodore III. 

Make me your terminal and printer 

Bringing fonts for men to see 

Visions of the world now 

And what discs might be. 

Let me be a voice to communicate 

A vision of hope before It's too late. 

Let me show the people your love 

and the software therein 

Ways to change this world 

And how we can begin. 

Lord, Iwould never be so blessed 

If you'd let me speak, while you rest. 



Want Ad 

Seeking: an object of lust; to hold me 
tenderly and protectively. 
Looking for someone who will gaze 
at my dirty feet and see Cinderella. 
Perhaps blond, maybe brunette, 
might have black hair. 
Moustache or beard o.k. 
Short or tall doesn't matter. 
Don't have complete description 
In mind. 

But must be able to 
tickle, dandle, and 
order a strawberry daqulrl with grace. 



<L 



y 



CSSs"'' 



?'?*?•' 






' * { :i 




fin 




\ 



-~' >>- 




How to end off another year at *ole Eckerd College? With a 
smile, let's hope. These s Ix ELS RA's have g I ven us a I I plenty 
of smiles al I year round. Great_job folksl Seated c Ijqpkw I se, 
Marcl Semel (Gershwin), Curtis Arnold (Mill), Tachaka Ray 
(Prasch), Elizabeth Moses (Gershwin), Safwan Karl (Rrasch). Oh, 
Ijtttio Is that with the sunglasses sitting next to Marci? Wei I It's 
: 'not Mill House RA, Beau Will lams, but I MPACT's Bobo is enough of 
a clown to take Beau's place for the picture! 



^ 






Coming April 8 to your 
neighborhood . . . 



irs fun 

Ifs excitement 
Ifs energy 
Ifs dancing 

Ifs 




Jllliliiiiimi 



■!!?! PRi JUL 

UKrOWM 



LOCATED IN THE HOLIDAY INN, ST. PETERSBURG SOUTH 



4601-34 St. S. 
867-3131 



Eckerd 
College 



'UPTOWN" 



34thSt./Highway19 



Proper dress and ID required